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The association of L-type Ca(2+) channels to the secretory granules and its functional significance to secretion was investigated in mouse pancreatic B cells. Nonstationary fluctuation analysis showed that the B cell is equipped with <500 alpha1(C) L-type Ca(2+) channels, corresponding to a Ca(2+) channel density of 0.9 channels per microm(2). Analysis of(More)
Although N- and P-type Ca2+ channels predominant in fast-secreting systems, Lc-type Ca2+ channels (C-class) can play a similar role in certain secretory cells and synapses. For example, in retinal bipolar cells, Ca2+ entry through the Lc channels triggers ultrafast exocytosis, and in pancreatic beta-cells, evoked secretion is highly sensitive to Ca2+. These(More)
The voltage sensitive N-type calcium channel interacts functionally and biochemically with synaptotagmin (p65). N-type channel interaction with p65 is demonstrated in the Xenopus oocyte expression system, where p65 alters the steady state voltage inactivation of the N-channel, and fully restores the syntaxin-modified current amplitude and inactivation(More)
The membrane topology of alpha 2/delta subunit was investigated utilizing electrophysiological functional assay and specific anti-alpha 2 antibodies. (a) cRNA encoding a deleted alpha 2/delta subunit was coinjected with alpha 1C subunit of the L-type calcium channel into Xenopus oocytes. The truncated form, lacking the third putative TM domain (alpha(More)
Expression of the N-type voltage sensitive calcium channel in Xenopus oocytes along with syntaxin and p65 showed that the syntaxin-modified N-type channel properties, were fully reversed by p65. The inward current was restored to a significantly higher amplitude when all three proteins were present, suggesting that the channel interacts with syntaxin, p65(More)
Selective targeting of cancer stem cells (CSCs) offers promise for a new generation of therapeutics. However, assays for both human CSCs and normal stem cells that are amenable to robust biological screens are limited. Using a discovery platform that reveals differences between neoplastic and normal human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC), we identify small(More)
Previously it demonstrated that in the absence of Ca2+ entry, evoked secretion occurs neither by membrane depolarization, induction of [Ca2+]i rise, nor by both combined (Ashery, U., Weiss, C., Sela, D., Spira, M. E., and Atlas, D. (1993). Receptors Channels 1:217-220.). These studies designate Ca2+ entry as opposed to [Ca2+]i rise, essential for(More)
L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (Cav1.2) mediate a major part of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. Cav1.2, like other voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, is functionally and physically coupled to synaptic proteins. The tight temporal coupling between channel activation and secretion leads to the prediction that rearrangements within the channel can(More)
The coupling of voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) to exocytotic proteins suggests a regulatory function for the channel in depolarization-evoked exocytosis. To explore this possibility we have examined catecholamine secretion in PC12 and chromaffin cells. We found that replacing Ca2+ with La3+ or other lanthanide ions supported exocytosis in divalent(More)
Ca(2+)-entry in the heart is tightly controlled by Cav1.2 inactivation, which involves Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (CDI) and voltage-dependent inactivation (VDI) components. Timothy syndrome, a subtype-form of congenital long-QT syndrome, results from a nearly complete elimination of VDI by the G406R mutation in the α(1)1.2 subunit of Cav1.2. Here, we(More)