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We study control variate estimation where the control mean itself is estimated. Control variate estimation in simulation experiments can significantly increase sampling efficiency, and has traditionally been restricted to cases where the control has a known mean. In a previous paper (Schmeiser, Taaffe, and Wang 2000), we generalized the idea of control(More)
We investigate three alternatives for combining a deterministic approximation with a stochastic simulation estimator: (1) binary choice, (2) linear combination, and (3) Bayesian analysis. Making a binary choice, based on compatibility of the simulation estimator with the approximation, provides at best a 20% improvement in simulation efficiency. More(More)
Many approximations of queueing performance measures are based on moment matching. Empirical and theoretical results show that although approximations based on two moments are often accurate, two-moment approximations can be arbitrarily bad and sometimes three-moment approximations are far better. In this paper, we investigate graphically error bounds for(More)