Michael R. Stephens

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We aim to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing R0 esophagectomy by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) with outcomes after surgery alone performed by surgeons working independently in a UK cancer unit. An historical control group of 77 consecutive patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer and undergoing surgery with curative intent by six general surgeons(More)
In order to determine left ventricular global and regional myocardial functional reserve in endurance-trained and strength-trained athletes, and to identify predictors of exercise capacity, we studied 18 endurance-trained and 11 strength-trained athletes with left ventricular hypertrophy (172+/-27 and 188+/-39 g/m(2) respectively), and compared them with 14(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate audiotape-recorded consultations at which a new diagnosis of oesophageal or gastric cancer was given to patients with reference to information retention, psychological outcome and socio-economic deprivation. METHODS Fifty-eight patients were randomised to receive audiotaped consultations or not. Thirty-one patients received tapes (12(More)
To identify new echocardiographic indexes of long-axis function that might differentiate between pathologic and physiologic left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, we compared 60 subjects with different types of LV hypertrophy (group I: 15 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, group II: 15 patients with systemic hypertension, and group III: 30 athletes)(More)
Our goals were to measure the accuracy of specialist helical computed tomography (CT) in the preoperative staging of gastric cancer, to determine the relative benefit of progressive CT system technology, and to determine the magnitude of any learning curve in radiological interpretation. One hundred patients (median age, 70 years; range 27–86 years; 68(More)
Recent evidence suggests that American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) may be capable of transmitting West Nile virus (WNV) to other alligators. We experimentally exposed 24 juvenile alligators to WNV parenterally or orally. All became infected, and all but three sustained viremia titers >5.0 log10 PFU/mL (a threshold considered infectious for Culex(More)
Factors determining the symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue in patients with congestive heart failure were investigated by comparing the response to slow and fast exercise. Symptom limited oxygen consumption (maximal); minute ventilation, mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure; and arterial blood gases, pH, and lactate concentrations were measured(More)
This study was designed to determine the number of cases and amount of operating room time required, for a population of 600,000, to provide definitive treatment in the form of cholecystectomy for all patients admitted as an emergency with cholecystitis. The total number of patients admitted to a single NHS trust in South East Wales with the diagnosis of(More)
Although acute complications necessitating emergency hospital admission are well documented in patients with carcinoma of the colon, comparable data for patients with gastric carcinoma is thin. The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the outcomes of patients presenting to hospital as acute admissions with emergency complications of previously(More)
The New York 1999 strain of West Nile virus (WNV) is nearly 100% fatal in the American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos). We evaluated four WNV vaccine formulations in American crows, including intramuscular (i.m.) DNA vaccine, i.m. DNA vaccine with adjuvant, orally administered microencapsulated DNA vaccine, and i.m. killed vaccine. Neutralizing antibodies(More)