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To identify new echocardiographic indexes of long-axis function that might differentiate between pathologic and physiologic left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, we compared 60 subjects with different types of LV hypertrophy (group I: 15 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, group II: 15 patients with systemic hypertension, and group III: 30 athletes)(More)
We aim to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing R0 esophagectomy by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) with outcomes after surgery alone performed by surgeons working independently in a UK cancer unit. An historical control group of 77 consecutive patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer and undergoing surgery with curative intent by six general surgeons(More)
Recent evidence suggests that American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) may be capable of transmitting West Nile virus (WNV) to other alligators. We experimentally exposed 24 juvenile alligators to WNV parenterally or orally. All became infected, and all but three sustained viremia titers >5.0 log10 PFU/mL (a threshold considered infectious for Culex(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine the number of cases and amount of operating room time required, for a population of 600,000, to provide definitive treatment in the form of cholecystectomy for all patients admitted as an emergency with cholecystitis. METHODS The total number of patients admitted to a single NHS trust in South East Wales(More)
BACKGROUND Our goals were to measure the accuracy of specialist helical computed tomography (CT) in the preoperative staging of gastric cancer, to determine the relative benefit of progressive CT system technology, and to determine the magnitude of any learning curve in radiological interpretation. METHODS One hundred patients (median age, 70 years; range(More)
Factors determining the symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue in patients with congestive heart failure were investigated by comparing the response to slow and fast exercise. Symptom limited oxygen consumption (maximal); minute ventilation, mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure; and arterial blood gases, pH, and lactate concentrations were measured(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed graft function (DGF) and acute rejection (AR) exert an adverse impact on graft outcomes after kidney transplantation using organs from donation after brain-stem death (DBD) donors. Here, we examine the impact of DGF and AR on graft survival in kidney transplants using organs from donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors. METHODS We(More)
Adenosine is an endogenous nucleoside which stimulates respiration in man and other mammals. In animals adenosine appears to initiate respiratory stimulation within the carotid body, but whether this is the site of action in man is not known. We administered adenosine by intra-aortic infusion to 12 subjects undergoing cardiac catheterisation. When adenosine(More)
Amiodarone is an effective antiarrhythmic agent whose use is associated with several drug interactions one of which is potentiation of the action of warfarin. The mechanism of this interaction has hitherto been unclear. We examined possible mechanisms in eight patients. Total plasma warfarin clearance was found to be reduced by amiodarone. No change was(More)