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We have developed epifluorescence filter sets and computer software for the detection and discrimination of 27 different DNA probes hybridized simultaneously. For karyotype analysis, a pool of human chromosome painting probes, each labelled with a different fluor combination, was hybridized to metaphase chromosomes prepared from normal cells, clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular cancer. There are no effective therapies for metastatic disease. Mutations in GNAQ, the gene encoding an alpha subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, are found in 40% of uveal melanomas. METHODS We sequenced exon 5 of GNAQ and GNA11, a paralogue of GNAQ, in 713 melanocytic neoplasms of different(More)
Studies of higher-order chromatin arrangements are an essential part of ongoing attempts to explore changes in epigenome structure and their functional implications during development and cell differentiation. However, the extent and cell-type-specificity of three-dimensional (3D) chromosome arrangements has remained controversial. In order to overcome(More)
A PCR strategy is described for global amplification of DNA from a single eukaryotic cell that enables the comprehensive analysis of the whole genome. By comparative genomic hybridization, not only gross DNA copy number variations, such as monosomic X and trisomic 21 in single male cells and cells from Down's syndrome patients, respectively, but multiple(More)
Karyotyping of mouse chromosomes is a skillful art, which is laborious work even for experienced cytogeneticists. With the growing number of mouse models for human diseases, there is an increasing demand for automated mouse karyotyping systems. Here, such a karyotyping system for mouse chromosomes based on the multiplex-fluorescence in-situ hybridization(More)
Recent advances in genome sequencing technologies provide unprecedented opportunities to characterize individual genomic landscapes and identify mutations relevant for diagnosis and therapy. Specifically, whole-exome sequencing using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies is gaining popularity in the human genetics community due to the moderate(More)
Comparative genomic hybridization serves as a screening test for regions of copy number changes in tumor genomes. We have applied the technique to map DNA gains and losses in 33 cases of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary breast tumors (13 fibroadenomas and 10 diploid and 10 aneuploid carcinomas). No genomic imbalances were found in fibroadenomas.(More)
PICH (Plk1-interacting checkpoint helicase) was recently identified as an essential component of the spindle assembly checkpoint and shown to localize to kinetochores, inner centromeres, and thin threads connecting separating chromosomes even during anaphase. In this paper, we have used immuno-fiber fluorescence in situ hybridization and(More)
Because p53 mutation and aneuploidy usually coexist, it has been suggested that p53 inactivation leads to aneuploidy. We have rigorously tested this hypothesis in diploid human cell lines in which p53 was experimentally inactivated by targeted homologous recombination. Cells completely deficient in p53 did not become aneuploid, although a slight tendency(More)