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This study examined a personality-trait approach to the learned helplessness model of depression. Alcoholics were assigned to four groups based upon differential scores on Rotter's Locus of Control and Tiffany's Experienced Control Scales. Analysis of scores on the Beck Depression Inventory and the MMPI D scale indicated that Ss who reported that they had(More)
This study investigated perceived locus of control as a function of level of depression among 39 alcoholics and 39 matched nonalcoholic controls. Ss completed the Rotter I-E scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Initial analyses of variance indicated a lack of difference between groups on the I-E scale; however, alcoholics were significantly more(More)
Emergency and radiology department directors at 517 acute-care US teaching hospitals were sent identical questionnaires surveying practice patterns of ED plain film radiograph interpretation. Fifty-seven percent of ED directors and 51% of radiology department (RD) directors responded. Both groups reported that the most common practice pattern (60%) was(More)
The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) purports to be a measure of field articulation. The extent to which the GEFT measures apsects of personality and cognitive impairment was explored. Eighty-one male alcoholics, mean age of 42.9, receiving treatment for alcoholism at the Seattle VA Medical Center were administered the GEFT, Shipley Hartford Institute of(More)
Cognitive recovery among male alcoholics and controls was investigated with the Trail-Making Test as an index of cognitive impairment. The test was administered twice to all Ss with an interval of approximately 1 year between testings. A reported measures analysis of variance showed that the controls performed significantly better than the alcoholics at(More)
The relationship of cognitive impairment to treatment outcome in a sample of male alcoholics (N = 30) was explored. The Brain-Age Quotient (BAQ), an index of problem solving and adaptive abilities based on a battery of neuropsychological tests, was used as the summary measure of cognitive impairment. High BAQ scores were found to be more highly related to(More)
The transition from quality assurance to quality improvement is at an early stage, but it clearly has begun. The progressive anticipated changes in the tone and content of JCAHO standards will place the JCAHO in a different posture in relation to accredited hospitals. Standards are of course a set of requirements that must be met as a condition of(More)
The feasibility of using psychological tests to predict patient drop-outs from an alcohol treatment program was studied. Eighty-four alcoholic male veterans being treated in an inpatient program were administrered the Rotter Locus of Control scale (I-E) and the MMPI-168 at the beginning of the treatment. Those patients who completed an 8 week inpatient(More)