Michael R. Moreno

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A stent is a device designed to restore flow through constricted arteries. These tubular scaffold devices are delivered to the afflicted region and deployed using minimally invasive techniques. Stents must have sufficient radial strength to prop the diseased artery open. The presence of a stent can subject the artery to abnormally high stresses that can(More)
The most common cause of death in the developed world is cardiovascular disease. For decades, this has provided a powerful motivation to study the effects of mechanical forces on vascular cells in a controlled setting, since these cells have been implicated in the development of disease. Early efforts in the 1970 s included the first use of a parallel-plate(More)
Understanding how polymers such as PLLA degrade in vivo will enhance biodegradable stent design. This study examined the effect of static and dynamic loads on PLLA stent fibers in vitro. The stent fibers (generously provided by TissueGen, Inc.) were loaded axially with 0 N, 0.5 N, 1 N, or 0.125-0.25 N (dynamic group, 1 Hz) and degraded in PBS at 45 °C for(More)
The biomechanical interaction of stents and the arteries into which they are deployed is a potentially important consideration for long-term success. Adverse arterial reactions to excessive stress and the resulting damage have been linked to the development of restenosis. Complex geometric features often encountered in these procedures can confound(More)
The deployment of a vascular stent aims to increase lumen diameter for the restoration of blood flow, but the accompanied alterations in the mechanical environment possibly affect the long-term patency of these devices. The primary aim of this investigation was to develop an algorithm to optimize stent design, allowing for consideration of competing solid(More)
PURPOSE To examine the solid mechanical effects of varying stent design and atherosclerotic plaque stiffness on the biomechanical environment induced in a diseased artery wall model. METHODS Computational modeling techniques were employed to investigate the final radius of the lumen and artery wall stresses after stent implantation. Two stent designs were(More)
PURPOSE To determine if the protrusion of stent struts into the flow stream, which creates stagnation along the wall dependent on the strut spacing, has an effect on platelet adhesion. METHODS Three 2-dimensional stents with different strut spacings were placed in a flat-plate flow chamber. Human blood was collected and platelets were labeled with indium(More)
Mechanical forces are key regulators of cell function with varying loads capable of modulating behaviors such as alignment, migration, phenotype modulation, and others. Historically, cell-stretching experiments have employed mechanically simple environments (e.g., uniform uniaxial or equibiaxial stretches). However, stretch distributions in vivo can be(More)
Periodic acceleration (pGz), a novel method of ventilatory support, is achieved using a platform that moves cyclically in the headward–footward direction. PGz has been shown to increase vascular shear stress and regional blood flows, as well as decrease pulmonary and systemic vascular resistances. PGz also increases nitric oxide (NO) production. This study(More)
Ventral hernia repair remains a major clinical need. Herein, we formulated a type I collagen/elastin crosslinked blend (CollE) for the fabrication of biomimetic meshes for ventral hernia repair. To evaluate the effect of architecture on the performance of the implants, CollE was formulated both as flat sheets (CollE Sheets) and porous scaffolds (CollE(More)