Michael R. Mitchell

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Action potentials were recorded from single cells isolated from rat and guinea-pig ventricular muscle. In rat cells the repolarization showed two distinct phases, referred to as the early and late phases. In guinea-pig cells there was a maintained plateau. Reducing external sodium by replacement with lithium or choline suppressed the late phase of the(More)
The analysis of the electrical properties and response to catecholamines of cardiac tissue is greatly simplified by the use of single cell preparations. In this study individual cells isolated from human ventricular tissue were used to estimate cellular sarcolemmal resistance and capacitance and to record the time course of the response to ionophoretically(More)
Ryanodine (1 microM) suppressed or abolished contraction in response to step depolarization in voltage-clamped cells isolated from adult rat ventricular myocardium. The step depolarizations evoked the second inward current, which is carried largely by Ca ions under these conditions, and there was little or no change in the amplitude of this current when(More)
The second inward current (Isi) in single cells isolated from ventricular muscle of adult rat hearts was measured in response to step depolarizations under voltage-clamp conditions. The major ion carrying this current was Ca, and Isi was reduced or abolished by Mn, Ni, Cd, nifedipine, nimodipine and D600. Sr and B could substitute for Ca as charge carriers,(More)
The effects of a change in stimulation rate on electrical activity and accompanying contraction were investigated in ventricular cells isolated from rat heart; the cells were stimulated to contract either by brief depolarization pulses which evoked action potentials, or, under voltage-clamp conditions, by step depolarizations. An increase in stimulation(More)
1. Contraction in single ventricular muscle cells from rat and guinea-pig heart was measured using an optical technique, while at the same time either action potentials were recorded or transmembrane currents were measured under voltage-clamp conditions. 2. When the membrane was depolarized to 0 mV, there was a phasic and a tonic component of the(More)
1. The calcium dependence of the intracellularly recorded hyperpolarizing responses of salivary gland acinar cells of Nauphoeta cinerea (Olivier) to ionophoretically applied dopamine has been examined. The results of withdrawing calcium from the bathing solution were essentially the same whether or not other divalent cations were present. The effects of(More)
Action potentials, initiated by brief depolarizing pulses, were recorded from single cells isolated from rat ventricular muscle. These action potentials showed a rapid upstroke to about +30 mV, followed by two phases of repolarization referred to as the early and late phases of the action potential. Nifedipine (1 microM), which blocks the second inward(More)
1. Single ventricular cells from rat and guinea-pig hearts were voltage clamped, and contraction was monitored with an optical method. 2. In rat cells, short (2-10 ms) depolarizing pulses to 0 mV from a holding potential of -40 mV evoked current carried by calcium, and on repolarization to -40 mV there was a slow 'tail' current which decayed much more(More)