Michael R. Maurizi

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Polypeptides emerging from the ribosome must fold into stable three-dimensional structures and maintain that structure throughout their functional lifetimes. Maintaining quality control over protein structure and function depends on molecular chaperones and proteases, both of which can recognize hydrophobic regions exposed on unfolded polypeptides.(More)
Escherichia coli ClpA, an Hsp100/Clp chaperone and an integral component of the ATP-dependent ClpAP protease, participates in regulatory protein degradation and the dissolution and degradation of protein aggregates. The crystal structure of the ClpA subunit reveals an N-terminal domain with pseudo-twofold symmetry and two AAA(+) modules (D1 and D2) each(More)
The amino acid sequence of Clp P, the proteolytic subunit of the ATP-dependent Clp protease of Escherichia coli, closely resembles a protein encoded by chloroplast DNA, which is well conserved between chloroplasts of different plant species. The homology extends over almost the full length of the sequences of both proteins and consists of approximately 46%(More)
The two major molecular chaperone families that mediate ATP-dependent protein folding and refolding are the heat shock proteins Hsp60s (GroEL) and Hsp70s (DnaK). Clp proteins, like chaperones, are highly conserved, present in all organisms, and contain ATP and polypeptide binding sites. We discovered that ClpA, the ATPase component of the ATP-dependent(More)
The ATP-dependent Clp protease of Escherichia coli contains two dissimilar components: the Clp A regulatory polypeptide, with two ATP binding sites and intrinsic ATPase activity, and the Clp P subunit, which contains the proteolytic active site. The DNA sequence of the clpP gene predicts a protein of 207 amino acids (Mr 21,679), which is in close agreement(More)
The ATP-dependent Clp protease of Escherichia coli consists of two subunits, the ClpP subunit, which has the proteolytic active site, and ClpA, which possesses ATPase activity and activates the proteolytic activity of ClpP in vitro. Recently, Zylicz and co-workers (Wojtkowiak, D., Georgopoulos, C., and Zylicz, M. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 22609-22617)(More)
Escherichia coli ClpX, a member of the Clp family of ATPases, has ATP-dependent chaperone activity and is required for specific ATP-dependent proteolytic activities expressed by ClpP. Gel filtration and electron microscopy showed that ClpX subunits (Mr 46, 000) associate to form a six-membered ring (Mr approximately 280, 000) that is stabilized by binding(More)
We have determined a 2.1 A crystal structure for human mitochondrial ClpP (hClpP), the proteolytic component of the ATP-dependent ClpXP protease. HClpP has a structure similar to that of the bacterial enzyme, with the proteolytic active sites sequestered within an aqueous chamber formed by face-to-face assembly of the two heptameric rings. The hydrophobic(More)