Michael R. Loken

Learn More
The classification, scoring systems, and response criteria for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have recently been updated and have become widely accepted. In addition, several new effective targeted drugs for patients with MDS have been developed. The current article provides a summary of updated and newly proposed markers, criteria, and standards in MDS,(More)
PURPOSE Three open-label, multicenter trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single-agent Mylotarg (gemtuzumab ozogamicin; CMA-676; Wyeth Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA), an antibody-targeted chemotherapy agent, in patients with CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in untreated first relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study(More)
Marrow cells of myeloid lineage from 115 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were characterized by multidimensional flow cytometry and compared with findings in 104 patients with various disorders and 25 healthy donors. Based on phenotypic and scatter characteristics, a flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) was developed that allowed for a simple(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, the authors analyzed the efficacy and safety of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) (Mylotarg), an antibody-targeted chemotherapy for CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS Patients with CD33-positive AML in first recurrence were entered in 3 open-label, single-arm, Phase II studies. Patients received monotherapy with GO 9(More)
The mechanism that leads to hemopoietic failure in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is not well understood. There is evidence, however, that regulatory molecules such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, Fas (CD95), and Fas-ligand, which negatively affect hemopoiesis by way of apoptosis are upregulated. Here we analyzed marrow samples from 80(More)
The aim of this study is to validate the clinical utility of the flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS), quantifying phenotypic aberrancies in the myelomonocytic lineages, in the diagnosis and prognosis for conventionally treated myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients. The bone marrow samples from 56 consecutive newly diagnosed MDS patients were(More)
The myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell diseases characterized by cytopenia(s), dysplasia in one or more cell lineages and increased risk of evolution to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recent advances in immunophenotyping of hematopoietic progenitor and maturing cells in dysplastic bone marrow point to a useful role for(More)
Flow cytometry (FC) is increasingly recognized as an important tool in the diagnosis and prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, validation of current assays and agreement upon the techniques are prerequisites for its widespread acceptance and application in clinical practice. Therefore, a working group was initiated (Amsterdam, 2008) to(More)