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BACKGROUND The clinician-administered version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-CA) is a commonly used assessment device for the evaluation of social anxiety disorder and has been shown to have strong psychometric characteristics. Because of its apparently straightforward rating format and potential savings in time and effort, interest in the use(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to test the relative and combined efficacy of clomipramine and exposure and ritual prevention in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adults. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and cognitive behavior therapy by exposure and ritual prevention are both established treatments for OCD, yet their(More)
With the publication of DSM-5, the diagnostic criteria for social anxiety disorder (SAD, also known as social phobia) have undergone several changes, which have important conceptual and clinical implications. In this paper, we first provide a brief history of the diagnosis. We then review a number of these changes, including (1) the primary name of the(More)
Thirty-one of 43 patients with panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks and none of 20 normal controls panicked in response to infusions of sodium lactate. Before receiving lactate, patients showed higher heart rates than controls and also signs of hyperventilation. During lactate infusion, patients who did not panic, nevertheless, developed higher(More)
BACKGROUND The present study provides data on the reliability, validity and treatment sensitivity of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), one of the most commonly used clinician-administered scales for the assessment of social phobia. METHOD Three hundred and eighty-two patients from several studies of the treatment of social phobia were evaluated.(More)
While other anxiety disorders have recently become the subjects of increasing investigation, social phobia remains, except among behavior therapists, relatively unstudied. As a result, major uncertainties exist concerning classification, prevalence, severity, etiology, assessment, and treatment of social phobia. Existing findings do suggest that in its own(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined whether the self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR) could accurately identify individuals with social anxiety disorder and individuals with the generalized subtype of social anxiety disorder. Furthermore, the study sought to determine the optimal cutoffs for the LSAS-SR for identifying patients with(More)
Forty-three patients with panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks and 20 control subjects received 0.5 M racemic sodium lactate intravenous infusions, single-blind as to duration and sequence. During the procedure, pulse; blood pressure; blood L-lactate and pyruvate; plasma ionized calcium, phosphate, prolactin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and(More)
Selected sociodemographic and clinical features of social phobia were assessed in four US communities among more than 13,000 adults from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. Rates of social phobia were highest among women and persons who were younger (age, 18 to 29 years), less educated, single, and of lower socioeconomic class. Mean age at onset was(More)
BACKGROUND This article presents results of the acute treatment phase of a 2-site study comparing cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) and treatment with the monoamine oxidase inhibitor phenelzine sulfate for social phobia. METHODS One hundred thirty-three patients from 2 sites received 12 weeks of CBGT, phenelzine therapy, pill placebo(More)