Michael R. Leach

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Calreticulin (CRT) is thought to be a molecular chaperone that interacts with glycoproteins exclusively through a lectin site specific for monoglucosylated oligosaccharides. However, this chaperone function has never been directly demonstrated nor is it clear how lectin-oligosaccharide interactions facilitate glycoprotein folding. Using purified components,(More)
Calnexin and calreticulin are membrane-bound and soluble chaperones, respectively, of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) which interact transiently with a broad spectrum of newly synthesized glycoproteins. In addition to sharing substantial sequence identity, both calnexin and calreticulin bind to monoglucosylated oligosaccharides of the form(More)
The formation of the [NiFe] metallocenter of Escherichia coli hydrogenase 3 requires the participation of proteins encoded by the hydrogenase pleiotropy operon hypABCDEF. The insertion of Ni(II) into the precursor enzyme follows the incorporation of the iron center and is the function of HypA, a Zn(II)-binding protein, and HypB, a GTPase. The Ni(II) donor(More)
Calnexin is a membrane-bound lectin of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that binds transiently to newly synthesized glycoproteins. By interacting with oligosaccharides of the form Glc(1)Man(9)GlcNAc(2), calnexin enhances the folding of glycoprotein substrates, retains misfolded variants in the ER, and in some cases participates in their degradation. Calnexin(More)
The Escherichia coli protein SlyD is a member of the FK-506-binding protein family of peptidylprolyl isomerases. In addition to its peptidylprolyl isomerase domain, SlyD is composed of a molecular chaperone domain and a C-terminal tail rich in potential metal-binding residues. SlyD interacts with the [NiFe]-hydrogenase accessory protein HypB and contributes(More)
The biosynthesis of the [NiFe]- and [FeFe]-hydrogenase enzymes requires the activities of multiple proteins that assemble the intricate metallocenters on the enzyme precursor proteins in an energy-dependent process. These accessory proteins include enzymes that synthesize the non-protein iron ligands as well as metallochaperones for the delivery of nickel(More)
The [NiFe]-hydrogenase protein produced by many types of bacteria contains a dinuclear metal center that is required for enzymatic activity. Assembly of this metal cluster involves the coordinated activity of a number of helper proteins including the accessory protein, HypB, which is necessary for Ni(II) incorporation into the hydrogenase proteins. The HypB(More)
Escherichia coli SlyD, which is involved in the biosynthesis of the metal cluster in the [NiFe]-hydrogenase enzymes, exhibits several activities including that of a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase). Mutations that result in deficient PPIase activity do not produce corresponding decreases in the other activities of SlyD in vitro or in hydrogenase(More)
Newly synthesized polypeptides entering the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) encounter a large array of molecular chaperones and folding factors that facilitate proper folding as well as assess folding status, retaining non-native proteins within the ER. Calnexin (CNX), an ER membrane protein, and its soluble homologue, calreticulin (CRT), are two important(More)
Deletion of phenylalanine at position 508 of the CFTR protein is associated with a severe form of cystic fibrosis. Biosynthetic arrest of the misfolded DeltaF508 CFTR protein in the endoplasmic reticulum is due to prolonged interaction with protein chaperones. In order to overcome this retention and thereby restore the delivery of the protein to the plasma(More)