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XRCC1 functions in the repair of single-strand DNA breaks in mammalian cells and forms a repair complex with beta-Pol, ligase III and PARP. Here we describe the NMR solution structure of the XRCC1 N-terminal domain (XRCC1 NTD). The structural core is a beta-sandwich with beta-strands connected by loops, three helices and two short two-stranded beta-sheets(More)
Objective. The human genome project has resulted in the generation of voluminous biological data. Novel computational techniques are called for to extract useful information from this data. One such technique is that of finding patterns that are repeated over many sequences (and possibly over many species). In this paper we study the problem of identifying(More)
Minimotifs are short contiguous segments of proteins that have a known biological function. The hundreds of thousands of minimotifs discovered thus far are an important part of the theoretical understanding of the specificity of protein-protein interactions, posttranslational modifications, and signal transduction that occur in cells. However, a(More)
Residues of DNA polymerase beta (beta-Pol) that interact with the DNA repair protein XRCC1 have been determined by NMR chemical shift mapping (CSM) and mutagenesis. 15N/(13)C/(2)H/(1)H,(13)C-methyl(Leu,Ile,Val)-labeled beta-Pol palm-thumb domain was used for assignments of the 1H, 15N, and 13C resonances used for CSM of the palm-thumb on forming the 40 kDa(More)
DNA polymerase X (Pol X) from the African swine fever virus (ASFV) specifically binds intermediates in the single-nucleotide base-excision repair process, an activity indicative of repair function. In addition, Pol X catalyzes DNA polymerization with low nucleotide-insertion fidelity. The structural mechanisms by which DNA polymerases confer high or low(More)
In addition to large domains, many short motifs mediate functional post-translational modification of proteins as well as protein-protein interactions and protein trafficking functions. We have constructed a motif database comprising 312 unique motifs and a web-based tool for identifying motifs in proteins. Functional motifs predicted by MnM can be ranked(More)
DNA polymerase beta (beta-pol) plays a central role in repair of damaged DNA bases by base excision repair (BER) pathways. A predominant phenotype of beta-pol null mouse fibroblasts is hypersensitivity to the DNA-methylating agent methyl methanesulfonate. Residues in the 8-kDa domain of beta-pol that seem to interact with a known natural product beta-pol(More)
Developments in superconducting magnets, cryogenic probes, isotope labeling strategies, and sophisticated pulse sequences together have enabled the application, in principle, of high-resolution NMR spectroscopy to biomolecular systems approaching 1 megadalton. In practice, however, conventional approaches to NMR that utilize the fast Fourier transform,(More)
Minimotif Miner (MnM available at http://minimotifminer.org or http://mnm.engr.uconn.edu) is an online database for identifying new minimotifs in protein queries. Minimotifs are short contiguous peptide sequences that have a known function in at least one protein. Here we report the third release of the MnM database which has now grown 60-fold to(More)