Michael R Grever

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Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, is clinically heterogeneous: 40% of patients respond well to current therapy and have prolonged survival, whereas the remainder succumb to the disease. We proposed that this variability in natural history reflects unrecognized molecular heterogeneity in the tumours.(More)
I N 1988, THE National Cancer Institute-sponsored Working Group (NCI-WC) on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) published guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials in CLL with two major objectives: first, to facilitate comparisons of results of clinical trials in CLL by providing standardized eligibility, response, and toxicity criteria; and,(More)
Ash A. Alizadeh, Michael B. Eisen, R. Eric Davis, Chi Ma, Izidore S. Lossos, Andreas Rosenwald, Jennifer C. Boldrick, Hajeer Sabet, Truc Tran, Xin Yu, John I. Powell, Liming Yang, Gerald E. Marti, Troy Moore, James Hudson Jr, Lisheng Lu, David B. Lewis, Robert Tibshirani, Gavin Sherlock, Wing C. Chan, Timothy C. Greiner, Dennis D. Weisenburger, James O.(More)
PURPOSE Based on the pivotal role of Ras-Raf-MAP-ERK signaling and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), we conducted a phase II clinical trial of sorafenib targeting RAF and VEGF receptor kinases in PTC. PATIENTS AND METHODS The primary end point was the objective response rate. Secondary end points included(More)
The most common human leukemia is B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), a malignancy of mature B cells with a characteristic clinical presentation but a variable clinical course. The rearranged immunoglobulin (Ig) genes of CLL cells may be either germ-line in sequence or somatically mutated. Lack of Ig mutations defined a distinctly worse prognostic(More)
The discovery and development of novel therapeutic products for the treatment of malignancy is vitally important to those physicians responsible for the management of cancer patients. A description of the ongoing efforts at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) is intended to provide insight into those complex processes necessary to accomplish this mission.(More)
BACKGROUND Many antitumor drugs require metabolic activation to exert their cytotoxic or cytostatic effects. The so-called bioreductive compounds, whose conversion into active antitumor agents is catalyzed by reductase enzymes, are examples of such drugs. The identification of specific enzymes involved in the activation of these compounds is important in(More)
Fifty-eight cell lines in the National Cancer Institute drug screen were analyzed for their ability to efflux the fluorescent dye rhodamine 123 as a functional assay for P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Using flow cytometry, the rhodamine fluorescence was measured for each cell line under four incubation conditions, i.e., after accumulation in the presence or absence(More)
Despite promising preclinical studies with the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor flavopiridol in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and other diseases, previous clinical trials with this agent have been disappointing. The discovery of differential protein binding of flavopiridol in human and bovine serum contributed to an effective pharmacokinetic-derived(More)
Therapeutic resistance is a major obstacle in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Such resistance has been associated with rapid drug efflux mediated by the multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1; encoding P-glycoprotein) and more recently with expression of other novel proteins conferring multidrug resistance such as MRP1 (multidrug(More)