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Thermosensation is an essential sensory function that is subserved by a variety of transducer molecules, including those from the Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) ion channel superfamily. One of its members, TRPM8 (CMR1), a ligand-gated, nonselective cation channel, is activated by both cold and chemical stimuli in vitro. However, its roles in cold(More)
Amyloid beta(1-42), a major component of amyloid plaques, binds with exceptionally high affinity to the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and accumulates intracellularly in neurons of Alzheimer's disease brains. In this study, we investigated the possibility that this binding plays a key role in facilitating intraneuronal accumulation of amyloid(More)
Alzheimer's disease pathology is characterized by the presence of neuritic plaques and the loss of cholinergic neurons in the brain. The underlying mechanisms leading to these events are unclear, but the 42-amino acid beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(1-42)) is involved. Immunohistochemical studies on human sporadic Alzheimer's disease brains demonstrate that(More)
The voltage-gated calcium channel is composed of a pore-forming alpha(1) subunit and several regulatory subunits: alpha(2)delta, beta, and gamma. We report here the identification of a novel alpha(2)delta subunit, alpha(2)delta-4, from the expressed sequence tag database followed by its cloning and characterization. The novel alpha(2)delta-4 subunit gene(More)
The pages of this Sample Chapter may have slight variations in final published form. c h a p t e r g o a l s This chapter is designed to: 1. Foster an increased understanding of the Adlerian and Jungian theories of counseling and psychotherapy. 2. Assist you in exercising some of the skills that are associated with Alfred Adler's and Carl Jung's helping(More)
The voltage gated sodium channel comprises a pore-forming alpha subunit and regulatory beta subunits. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel splicing variant of the human beta1 subunit, termed beta1B. The 807 bp open reading frame of the human beta1Beta subunit encodes a 268 residue protein with a calculated molecular mass of 30.4(More)
beta-Amyloid(1-42) (A beta 42), a major component of amyloid plaques, accumulates within pyramidal neurons in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Down syndrome. In brain areas exhibiting AD pathology, A beta 42-immunopositive material is observed in astrocytes. In the present study, single- and double-label immunohistochemistry were(More)
PAR-2 is a second member of a novel family of G-protein-coupled receptors characterized by a proteolytic cleavage of the amino terminus, thus exposing a tethered peptide ligand that autoactivates the receptor. The physiological and/or pathological role(s) of PAR-2 are still unknown. This study provides tissue-specific cellular localization of PAR-2 in(More)
It is commonly accepted that thrombin exerts its proinflammatory properties through the activation of proteinase-activated receptor (PAR)-1, although two other thrombin receptors have been discovered: PAR-3 and PAR-4. In this study, we have investigated the mechanisms and the receptors involved in thrombin-induced leukocyte/endothelial cell interactions by(More)
We have investigated the possibility that soluble, blood-borne amyloid beta (Abeta) peptides can cross a defective blood-brain barrier (BBB) and interact with neurons in the brain. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed extravasated plasma components, including Abeta42 in 19 of 21 AD brains, but in only 3 of 13 age-matched control brains, suggesting that a(More)