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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are generally defined by their dual properties of pluripotency and extensive self-renewal capacity. However, a lack of experimental clarity as to what constitutes extensive self-renewal capacity coupled with an absence of methods to prospectively isolate long-term repopulating cells with defined self-renewal activities has(More)
Mouse haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) undergo a postnatal transition in several properties, including a marked reduction in their self-renewal activity. We now show that the developmentally timed change in this key function of HSCs is associated with their decreased expression of Lin28b and an accompanying increase in their let-7 microRNA levels.(More)
Adult hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with serially transplantable activity comprise two subtypes. One shows a balanced output of mature lymphoid and myeloid cells; the other appears selectively lymphoid deficient. We now show that both of these HSC subtypes are present in the fetal liver (at a 1:10 ratio) with the rarer, lymphoid-deficient HSCs immediately(More)
Over the past 10 years, increasing evidence has accumulated that heterogeneity is a feature of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) proliferation, self-renewal, and differentiation based on examination of these properties at a clonal level. The heterogeneous behavior of HSCs reflects the operation of a complex interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic variables. In(More)
Understanding the intrinsic pathways that regulate hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) proliferation and self-renewal responses to external signals offers a rational approach to developing improved strategies for HSC expansion for therapeutic applications. Such studies are also likely to reveal new targets for the treatment of human myeloid malignancies because(More)
Fetal hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) regenerate daughter HSCs in irradiated recipients more rapidly than do adult HSCs. However, both types of HSCs divide in vitro with the same cell-cycle transit times, suggesting different intrinsically determined self-renewal activities. To investigate the mechanism(s) underlying these differences, we compared fetal and(More)
Heterogeneity in cell populations poses a major obstacle to understanding complex biological processes. Here we present a microfluidic platform containing thousands of nanoliter-scale chambers suitable for live-cell imaging studies of clonal cultures of nonadherent cells with precise control of the conditions, capabilities for in situ immunostaining and(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) comprise a rare population of cells that can regenerate and maintain lifelong blood cell production. This functionality is achieved through their ability to undergo many divisions without activating a poised, but latent, capacity for differentiation into multiple blood cell types. Throughout life, HSCs undergo sequential(More)
Fetal hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) regenerate daughter HSCs in irradiated recipients more rapidly than do adult HSCs. However, both types of HSCs divide in vitro with the same cell-cycle transit times, suggesting different intrinsi-cally determined self-renewal activities. To investigate the mechanism(s) underlying these differences, we compared fetal(More)
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