Michael R. Chinander

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Osteoporosis is a disease that results in an increased risk of bone fracture due to a loss of bone mass and deterioration of bone structure. Bone mineral density (BMD) provides a measure of bone mass and is frequently measured by bone densitometry systems to diagnose osteoporosis. In addition, computerized radiographic texture analysis (RTA) is currently(More)
Bone fragility is determined by bone mass, measured as bone mineral density (BMD), and by trabecular structure, which cannot be easily measured using currently available noninvasive methods. In previous studies, radiographic texture analysis (RTA) performed on the radiographic images of the spine, proximal femur, and os calcis differentiated subjects with(More)
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of power law spectral analysis on mammographic parenchymal patterns in breast cancer risk assessment. Materials and Methods: Mammograms from 172 subjects (30 women with the BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutation and 142 low-risk women) were retrospectively collected and digitized. Because age is a very(More)
Both bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular structure are important determinates of bone mechanical properties. However, neither BMD or trabecular structural features can completely explain the variations in bone mechanical properties. In this study, we combine BMD and bone structural features to characterize bone mechanical behavior. Radiographs were(More)
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a loss of bone mass and a deterioration of bone structure. Bone mineral density (BMD) measures bone mass and is currently the method used to diagnose osteoporosis, while computerized radiographic texture analysis (RTA) is being investigated as a measure of bone structure. The GE/Lunar PIXI peripheral bone(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES In the noninvasive evaluation of bone quality, bone mineral density (BMD) has been shown to be the single most important predictor of bone strength and osteoporosis-related fracture. Among the methods of measuring BMD, dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has widespread acceptance due to its low radiation, low cost, and high precision.(More)
We are investigating computerized methods to ultimately characterize bone trabecular pattern from clinical skeletal radiographs. In this paper, we present a "phantom" for potential use in the development and evaluation of computerized methods for characterizing radiographic trabecular patterns and ultimately bone strength. Femoral neck specimens were(More)
Radiographic texture analysis (RTA) is a computerized analysis of the spatial pattern of radiographic images used as a way of evaluating bone structure. We have shown that RTA performed on high-resolution heel images obtained using a portable densitometer differentiates subjects with and without osteoporotic fractures. In the present study, short-term(More)
We are developing computerized methods for characterizing the bone texture pattern from digitized skeletal radiographs. For this method to be useful clinically, it must be able to distinguish between weak and strong bone under the range of exposure conditions potentially encountered in the clinical setting. In this study, we examined the effect of exposure(More)
Periprosthetic osteolysis is one of the most serious long-term problems in total hip arthroplasty. It has been primarily attributed to the body's inflammatory response to submicron polyethylene particles worn from the hip implant, and it leads to bone loss and structural deterioration in the surrounding bone. It was previously demonstrated that radiographic(More)