Michael R. Bristow

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BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that prophylactic cardiac-resynchronization therapy in the form of biventricular stimulation with a pacemaker with or without a defibrillator would reduce the risk of death and hospitalization among patients with advanced chronic heart failure and intraventricular conduction delays. METHODS A total of 1520 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled clinical trials have shown that beta-blockers can produce hemodynamic and symptomatic improvement in chronic heart failure, but the effect of these drugs on survival has not been determined. METHODS We enrolled 1094 patients with chronic heart failure in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, stratified program, in which patients were(More)
CONTEXT The Digitalis Investigation Group (DIG) trial reported that digoxin provided no overall mortality benefit and only a modest reduction in hospitalizations among patients with heart failure and depressed left ventricular systolic function. The clinical outcomes associated with digoxin therapy at different serum concentrations in the DIG trial have not(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a multicenter, placebo-controlled trial designed to establish the efficacy and safety of carvedilol, a "third-generation" beta -blocking agent with vasodilator properties, in chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred forty-five subjects with mild to moderate, stable chronic heart failure were randomized to receive(More)
In the heart, the relative proportions of the 2 forms of the motor protein myosin heavy chain (MyHC) have been shown to be affected by a wide variety of pathological and physiological stimuli. Hearts that express the faster MyHC motor protein, alpha, produce more power than those expressing the slower MyHC motor protein, beta, leading to the hypothesis that(More)
To identify the role of the myocardial beta-adrenergic pathway in congestive heart failure, we examined beta-adrenergic-receptor density, adenylate cyclase and creatine kinase activities, muscle contraction in vitro, and myocardial contractile protein levels in the left ventricles of failing and normally functioning hearts from cardiac-transplant recipients(More)
Human heart failure is associated with a diminished contractile response to beta-adrenergic agonists. We hypothesized that alterations in the activity of a guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein) might be partially responsible for this abnormality. We therefore measured the activity of G proteins in failing human myocardium utilizing(More)
Despite repeated attempts to develop a unifying hypothesis that explains the clinical syndrome of heart failure, no single conceptual paradigm for heart failure has withstood the test of time. Whereas clinicians initially viewed heart failure as a problem of excessive salt and water retention that was caused by abnormalities of renal blood flow (the(More)
We used radioligand binding techniques and measurement of beta-agonist-mediated positive inotropic responses in isolated cardiac tissue to examine beta-adrenergic-receptor subpopulations in nonfailing and failing human left and right ventricular myocardium. In tissue derived from 48 human hearts the receptor subtypes identified in nonfailing ventricle by(More)