Michael R Ardern-Jones

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We report a case of a 60-year-old lady who was treated with radiotherapy for breast cancer of both breasts 8 years apart. Thirteen years after the first dose of radiotherapy she developed localized morphoea in all the irradiated skin of the chest wall and also the gaiter regions of both lower legs. Radiation-induced localized morphoea has been previously(More)
Allergen-specific responses in atopic dermatitis (AD) are skewed toward a Th2 profile. However, individuals with AD have been shown to make effective virus-specific Th1 responses, raising the possibility that the skin itself contributes to driving the AD Th2 immunophenotype. Therefore, to explore the programming of immunological sensitization by the skin,(More)
The ability of human keratinocytes to present antigen to T cells is controversial and, indeed, it has been suggested that keratinocytes may promote T cell hyporesponsiveness. Furthermore, it is unclear whether keratinocytes can process antigen prior to MHC class I and class II presentation. We tested the ability of keratinocytes to induce functional(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports have suggested that drug-specific lymphocyte proliferation assays (LPA) can be used retrospectively to confirm the culprit drug following delayed-type drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR). However, only limited evidence supports their use in aiding acute clinical management. The aim of this study was to compare the LPA against(More)
Cutaneous adverse drug reactions range from mild to severe and from those localized only to skin to those associated with systemic disease. It is important to distinguish features of cutaneous drug reactions which help classify the underlying mechanism and likely prognosis as both of these influence management decisions, some of which necessarily have to be(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The review intends to clarify understanding of when and how skin patch tests can be used to help drug allergy diagnosis and identify causally relevant drugs. It aims to give an understanding of which clinical patterns of drug reaction are produced by T-lymphocyte-mediated pathomechanisms since these are what are detected by patch tests. It(More)
Human cutaneous dendritic cells (DCs) from epidermal and dermal compartments exhibit functional differences in their induction of CD4+ T-cell and humoral immune responses; however, differences in the regulation of memory CD8+ T-cell responses by human skin DCs remain poorly characterized. We tested the capacity of human Langerhans cells (LCs) and dermal(More)
The overall objective of the guideline is to provide up-to-date, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of the full spectrum of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and SJS-TEN overlap in adults during the acute phase of the disease. The document aims to.
Drug rashes are a common problem occurring in patients across the whole spectrum of medical specialties. They are a source of confusion not only to the wider medical community but even among dermatologists there is lack of clarity about how to describe, classify and approach them. Common patterns of drug rash, apart from the "classical" maculo-papular(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports have demonstrated the utility of T-cell proliferation and cytokine release assays as in vitro diagnostic tests for drug causation in drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR). However, data from pediatric populations are scarce compared with data in adults. OBJECTIVE To compare the lymphocyte proliferation assay (LPA) with(More)