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We report a case of a 60-year-old lady who was treated with radiotherapy for breast cancer of both breasts 8 years apart. Thirteen years after the first dose of radiotherapy she developed localized morphoea in all the irradiated skin of the chest wall and also the gaiter regions of both lower legs. Radiation-induced localized morphoea has been previously(More)
The ability of human keratinocytes to present antigen to T cells is controversial and, indeed, it has been suggested that keratinocytes may promote T cell hyporesponsiveness. Furthermore, it is unclear whether keratinocytes can process antigen prior to MHC class I and class II presentation. We tested the ability of keratinocytes to induce functional(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports have suggested that drug-specific lymphocyte proliferation assays (LPA) can be used retrospectively to confirm the culprit drug following delayed-type drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR). However, only limited evidence supports their use in aiding acute clinical management. The aim of this study was to compare the LPA against(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports have demonstrated the utility of T-cell proliferation and cytokine release assays as in vitro diagnostic tests for drug causation in drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR). However, data from pediatric populations are scarce compared with data in adults. OBJECTIVE To compare the lymphocyte proliferation assay (LPA) with(More)
BACKGROUND Although substantial evidence suggests that T cells are important in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD), little is known of the differentiation status of CD4+ T cells specific for common environmental allergens. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency, differentiation phenotype, and function of circulating allergen-specific CD4+ T cells in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The review intends to clarify understanding of when and how skin patch tests can be used to help drug allergy diagnosis and identify causally relevant drugs. It aims to give an understanding of which clinical patterns of drug reaction are produced by T-lymphocyte-mediated pathomechanisms since these are what are detected by patch tests. It(More)
BACKGROUND Contact sensitization by ingredients in personal products is an important clinical problem. It is not clear how sensitization is induced by the generally low concentrations at which they occur but it might be the result of repeated exposure. OBJECTIVES To compare the strength of contact sensitization induced by a single exposure to(More)
Although clinical and laboratory evidence support roles for both staphylococcal infection and environmental allergens in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis, human studies have largely considered these variables independently. We sought to test the hypothesis that staphylococcal superantigen influences the allergen-specific T cell response. We first(More)
Langerhans cells (LCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) residing in the epidermis. Despite their high potential to activate T lymphocytes, current understanding of human LC biology is limited. Genome-wide comparison of the transcriptional profiles of human skin migratory CD1a+ LCs and CD11c+ dermal dendritic cells (DDCs) demonstrated(More)