Michael R. A. Morgan

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Flavonoid and isoflavonoid glycosides are common dietary phenolics which may be absorbed from the small intestine of humans. The ability of cell-free extracts from human small intestine and liver to deglycosylate various (iso)flavonoid glycosides was investigated. Quercetin 4'-glucoside, naringenin 7-glucoside, apigenin 7-glucoside, genistein 7-glucoside(More)
Lactase phlorizin hydrolase (LPH; EC 3.2.1.62) is a membrane-bound, family 1 beta-glycosidase found on the brush border of the mammalian small intestine. LPH, purified from sheep small intestine, was capable of hydrolysing a range of flavonol and isoflavone glycosides. The catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m)) for the hydrolysis of quercetin-4'-glucoside,(More)
The position of conjugation of the flavonoid quercetin dramatically affects biological activity in vitro, therefore it is important to determine the exact nature of the plasma metabolites. In the present study, we have used various methods (HPLC with diode array detection, LCMS, chemical and enzymic synthesis of authentic conjugates and specific enzymic(More)
Quercetin glycosides are common dietary antioxidants. In general, however, potential biological effects of the circulating plasma metabolites (e.g., glucuronide conjugates) have not been measured. We have determined the rate of glucuronidation of quercetin at each position on the polyphenol ring by human liver cell-free extracts containing(More)
Octanol-water partition coefficient (log P) values were determined for flavonoids from the flavone, flavonol, flavanone, and isoflavonoid subclasses. Each flavonoid was dissolved in an octanol-water system and allowed to equilibrate, and then both fractions were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. log P was calculated as log[ratio of the(More)
Cyanogenic glycosides are natural plant toxicants. Action by endogenous plant enzymes can release hydrogen cyanide causing potential toxicity issues for animals including humans. We have quantified amygdalin in seeds from different apple varieties, determined the effects of processing on the amygdalin content of apple juice and quantified amygdalin in(More)
Aflatoxins are a group of highly toxic fungal secondary metabolites that occur in Aspergillus species and may contaminate foodstuffs and feeds. Two different anti-aflatoxin B(1) antibodies were examined to develop a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based immunoassay to aflatoxin B(1). A conjugate consisting of aflatoxin B(1)-bovine serum albumin (BSA) was(More)
Cyanogenic glycosides are a large group of secondary metabolites that are widely distributed in the plant kingdom, including many plants that are commonly consumed by humans. The diverse chemical nature of cyanogenic glycosides means that extraction and analysis of individual compounds can be difficult. In addition, degradation can be rapid under(More)
This study quantified aflatoxin (AFB1, AFG1 and AFQ1) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in human cord sera obtained at birth and in serum obtained immediately after birth from the mother. The subjects of the study were residents of Songkhla, Thailand. Of the 35 samples of cord sera, 17 (48%) contained aflatoxin in concentrations from 0.064 to 13.6, mean(More)
The microbiological similarities of rapidly growing mycobacteria and corynebacteria impose potential for misidentification in the laboratory. This report describes a fatal case of infectious endocarditis caused by Mycobacterium abscessus, initially identified and treated as Corynebacterium spp. Acid-fast staining should be performed routinely when multiple(More)