Michael Pravica

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Following chronic administration (10 or 20 days) of diazepam (5 mg/kg/day, subcutaneous pellets) or RO 15-1788 (5 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally), adenosine and benzodiazepine receptors in different rat brain areas were assessed by radioligand binding studies using [3H]R-PIA for A1 receptors, [3H]NECA and [3H]R-PIA for A2 receptors and [3H]FNZ for(More)
We have developed and demonstrated a novel method to load oxygen in a sealed diamond anvil cell via the x-ray induced decomposition of potassium chlorate. By irradiating a pressurized sample of an oxidizer (KClO(3)) with either monochromatic or white beam x-rays from the Advanced Photon Source at ambient temperature and variable pressure, we succeeded in(More)
Using powder x-ray diffraction and first-principles calculations, we provide evidence for a structural transition of PETN-I below 6 GPa to an orthorhombic phase of space group P2(1)2(1)2. The transition can be rationalized as shear-stress induced and ferroelastic, which involves a slight static displacement of the molecules that breaks the fourfold symmetry(More)
Determination of the lattice dynamics of Sn at high pressure has represented a major experimental challenge and eluded previous attempts. Here we report the first successful measurement of the phonon density of states of Sn at high pressure to 64 GPa using nuclear resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. We also present density functional theory calculations(More)
Materials with an abrupt volume collapse of more than 20 % during a pressure-induced phase transition are rarely reported. In such an intriguing phenomenon, the lattice may be coupled with dramatic changes of orbital and/or the spin-state of the transition metal. A combined in situ crystallography and electron spin-state study to probe the mechanism of the(More)
High-pressure Raman scattering studies have been performed on a crystalline energetic material, pentaerythritol tetranitrate C(CH2ONO2)4 (PETN), an important secondary explosive. In situ, ambient-temperature investigations employed diamond anvil cell techniques and nitrogen as a quasi-hydrostatic-pressure-transmitting medium. The pressure-induced(More)
We have used X-ray Raman spectroscopy (XRS) to study benzene up to approximately 20 GPa in a diamond anvil cell at ambient temperature. The experiments were performed at the High-Pressure Collaborative Access Team's 16 ID-D undulator beamline at the Advanced Photon Source. Scanned monochromatic X-rays near 10 keV were used to probe the carbon X-ray edge(More)
Spin-crossover (SCO) is generally regarded as a spectacular molecular magnetism in 3d4-3d7 metal complexes and holds great promise for various applications such as memory, displays, and sensors. In particular, SCO materials can be multifunctional when a classical light- or temperature-induced SCO occurs along with other cooperative structural and/or(More)
We report the results from three high pressure experiments on hexafluorobenzene (C6F6). In the first experiment, Raman spectra were recorded up to 34.4 GPa. A phase transition from I → II was observed near 2 GPa. Near 8.8 GPa, a phase transition to an unreported phase (III) commenced. Above 20.6 GPa, yet another phase was observed (IV). Pressure cycling was(More)
We have successfully loaded H(2) into a diamond anvil cell at high pressure using the synchrotron x-ray induced decomposition of NH(3)BH(3). In a second set of studies, radiation-assisted release of O(2) from KCLO(3), H(2) release from NH(3)BH(3), and reaction of these gases in a mixture of the reactants to form liquid water using x-rays at ambient(More)