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The receptor for human urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) was purified from phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated U937 cells by temperature-induced phase separation of detergent extracts, followed by affinity chromatography with immobilized diisopropyl fluorophosphate-treated u-PA. The purified protein shows a single 55-60 kDa band after(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) binds to a specific cell-surface receptor, uPAR. On several cell types uPAR is present both in the full-length form and a cleaved form, uPAR(2+3), which is devoid of binding activity. The formation of uPAR(2+3) on cultured U937 cells is either directly or indirectly mediated by uPA itself. In a soluble system,(More)
We have raised four monoclonal antibodies recognizing different epitopes within the human cell-surface receptor for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA). One of these antibodies completely abolishes the potentiation of plasmin generation observed upon incubation of the zymogens pro-u-PA and plasminogen with U937 cells. This antibody, which is also(More)
Highly expressed urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) can interact with alpha5beta1 integrin leading to persistent ERK activation and tumorigenicity. Disrupting this interaction reduces ERK activity, forcing cancer cells into dormancy. We identified a site in uPAR domain III that is indispensable for these effects. A 9-mer peptide derived from a(More)
The cellular receptor for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR) is a glycolipid-anchored three-domain membrane protein playing a central role in pericellular plasminogen activation. We have found that urokinase (uPA) can cleave its receptor between domains 1 and 2 generating a cell-associated uPAR variant without ligand-binding properties. In extracts(More)
uPAR is a cellular receptor for urokinase plasminogen activator, an enzyme involved in extracellular matrix degradation during processes involving tissue remodeling. We have expressed a recombinant soluble form of murine uPAR and raised rabbit polyclonal antibodies to study the expression of uPAR by immunohistochemistry. The immunohistochemical localization(More)
The high-affinity interaction between urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its glycolipid-anchored receptor (uPAR) plays an important role in pericellular plasminogen activation. Since proteolytic degradation of the extracellular matrix has an established role in tumor invasion and metastasis, the uPA-uPAR interaction represents a potential target(More)
Plasminogen activation is regulated by the interaction between urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific glycolipid-anchored cell surface receptor (uPAR). uPAR is composed of three homologous domains and is the only multi-domain member of the Ly-6 family of glycolipid-anchored membrane proteins. Recent evidence has highlighted similarities(More)
PURPOSE Malignant tumors are capable of degrading the surrounding extracellular matrix, resulting in local invasion or metastasis. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its cell surface receptor (uPAR) are central molecules in one of the major protease systems involved in extracellular matrix degradation. Noninvasive imaging of this receptor in(More)
The cellular receptor for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR) binds pro-urokinase (pro-uPA) and facilitates its conversion to enzymatically active urokinase (uPA). uPA in turn activates surface-bound plasminogen to plasmin, a process of presumed importance for a number of biologic processes including cell migration and resolution of thrombi. We have(More)