Michael Pitts

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Abstract. The role of polar stratospheric clouds in polar ozone loss has been well documented. The CALIPSO satellite mission offers a new opportunity to characterize PSCs on spatial and temporal scales previously impossible. A PSC detection algorithm based on a single wavelength threshold approach has been developed for CALIPSO. The method appears to(More)
We evaluated the use of an infusion of remifentanil to provide postoperative analgesia during recovery from total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with remifentanil and propofol. One hundred fifty-seven patients from seven medical centers underwent abdominal, spine, joint replacement, or thoracic surgery. Remifentanil was titrated in an effort to limit pain to(More)
Chemical ozone destruction occurs over both polar regions in local winter-spring. In the Antarctic, essentially complete removal of lower-stratospheric ozone currently results in an ozone hole every year, whereas in the Arctic, ozone loss is highly variable and has until now been much more limited. Here we demonstrate that chemical ozone destruction over(More)
In this study, a novel approach to determine heating patterns using chemical marker (M-2) yield and computer vision was developed for packaged foods after microwave sterilization. Due to various constraints of temperature measurement devices such as fiber-optic temperature sensors, thermocouples, and infrared sensors, there is a need to develop an accurate(More)
Remifentanil is a mu-opioid receptor agonist with a context sensitive half-time of 3 min and an elimination half-life < or = 10 min. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of remifentanil and propofol total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) in 161 patients undergoing inpatient surgery. Remifentanil 1 microgram/kg was given intravenously (i.v.) followed by(More)
BACKGROUND The transition from remifentanil intraoperative anesthesia to postoperative analgesia must be planned carefully due to the short duration of action (3-10 min) of remifentanil hydrochloride, a potent, esterase-metabolized mu-opioid agonist. This study compared the efficacy and safety of transition regimens using remifentanil or morphine sulfate(More)
During the 2003 SAGE (Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment) III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment (SOLVE) II, the fourteen-channel NASA Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer (AATS-14) was mounted on the NASA DC-8 aircraft and measured spectra of total and aerosol optical depth (TOD and AOD) during the sunlit portions of eight science flights. Values(More)
Highly resolved aerosol size distributions measured from high-altitude aircraft can be used to describe the effect of the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo on the stratospheric aerosol. In some air masses, aerosol mass mixing ratios increased by factors exceeding 100 and aerosol surface area concentrations increased by factors of 30 or more. Increases in(More)
J. M. Livingston, B. Schmid, P. B. Russell, J. A. Eilers, R. W. Kolyer, J. Redemann, S. A. Ramirez, J.-H. Yee, W. H. Swartz, C. R. Trepte, L. W. Thomason, M. C. Pitts, M. A. Avery, C. E. Randall, J. D. Lumpe, R. M. Bevilacqua, M. Bittner, T. Erbertseder, R. D. McPeters, R. E. Shetter, E. V. Browell, J. B. Kerr, and K. Lamb SRI International, Menlo Park, CA,(More)