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The US Environmental Protection Agency recently conducted the Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study (DEARS). The study began in 2004 and involved community, residential, and personal-based measurements of air pollutants targeting 120 participants and their residences. The primary goal of the study was to evaluate and describe the relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND Higher ambient fine particulate matter (PM₂.₅) levels can be associated with increased blood pressure and vascular dysfunction. OBJECTIVES To determine the differential effects on blood pressure and vascular function of daily changes in community ambient- versus personal-level PM₂.₅ measurements. METHODS Cardiovascular outcomes included(More)
The PhenX Toolkit provides researchers with recommended, well-established, low-burden measures suitable for human subject research. The database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP) is the data repository for a variety of studies funded by the National Institutes of Health, including genome-wide association studies. The dbGaP requires that investigators(More)
People who are food and nutrition insecure largely reside in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa and for many, fish represents a rich source of protein, micronutrients and essential fatty acids. The contribution of fish to household food and nutrition security depends upon availability, access and cultural and personal preferences. Access is largely determined by(More)
A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is not when it tends otherwise. " Aldo Leopold-A Sand County Almanac Forest streams, lakes, and other water bodies create unique conditions along their margins that control and influence transfers of energy, nutrients, and sediments between 'aquatic(More)
BACKGROUND Recent advances in GIS technology and remote sensing have provided new opportunities to collect ecologic data on agricultural pesticide exposure. Many pesticide studies have used historical or records-based data on crops and their associated pesticide applications to estimate exposure by measuring residential proximity to agricultural fields.(More)
iii Foreword udget stress, political change, and heightened global competition are forcing a reexamination of conservation and environmental programs for U.S. agriculture. Questions about reauthorizing the Conservation Reserve Program typify the tradeoffs. Currently, that effort is the major solution to environmental problems related to agriculture. But(More)
ii NOTES 1. GESAMP is an advisory body consisting of specialized experts nominated by the principal task is to provide scientific advice concerning the prevention, reduction and control of the degradation of the marine environment to the Sponsoring Agencies. 2. This study is available in English only from any of the Sponsoring Agencies. 3. The report(More)