Michael Peller

Learn More
PURPOSE To implement and evaluate the accuracy of non-invasive temperature mapping using MRI methods based on the chemical shift (CS) and T1 relaxation in media of various heterogeneity during focal (laser) and external thermal energy deposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS All measurements were performed on a 1.5 T superconducting clinical scanner using the(More)
The behavior of the signal intensity in MRI of human lungs was investigated during inhalation of pure oxygen. Nine volunteers were examined, five using a breath-hold and four using a non-breath-hold technique. Four coronal slices were acquired in each volunteer using an inversion recovery turbo spin-echo sequence. The inversion time of the sequence was(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate an optimized multislice acquisition technique for oxygen-enhanced MRI of the lung using slice-selective inversion and refocusing pulses in combination with parallel imaging. An inversion recovery HASTE sequence was implemented with respiratory triggering to perform imaging in end-expiration and with ECG triggering(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to evaluate the role of relative blood volume (rBV) measurements in monitoring the embolization effect in meningiomas by using maps of susceptibility-weighted first pass MR data. METHOD Eighteen examinations of nine patients before and following partial embolization were performed on a 1.5 T scanner. Embolization was achieved by(More)
Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) in combination with regional hyperthermia represent a powerful tool for tumor specific drug delivery. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of vesicle size on the biophysical properties of TSL. TSL were composed of DPPC/DSPC/1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglyceroglycerol (DPPG(2)) 50:20:30(More)
Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast MRI is a potential method for a physiological characterization of tissue beyond mere morphological representation. The purpose of this study was to develop evaluation techniques for such examinations using a hyperoxia challenge. Administration of pure oxygen was applied to test these techniques, as pure(More)
Thermosensitive liposomes are a promising tool for external targeting of drugs to solid tumors when used in combination with local hyperthermia or high intensity focused ultrasound. In vivo results have demonstrated strong evidence that external targeting is superior over passive targeting achieved by highly stable long-circulating drug formulations like(More)
Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) with encapsulated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) longitudinal relaxation time (T(1)) contrast agents (CAs) have been proposed for MRI assisted interventional thermotherapy in solid tumors. Here the feasibility of 6 clinically approved CAs (Gd-DTPA, Gd-BOPTA, Gd-DOTA, Gd-BT-DO3A, Gd-DTPA-BMA, and Gd-HP-DO3A) for formulation(More)
OBJECTIVES Thermal dose in tumor tissue is a key factor for regional hyperthermia (HT) combined with chemotherapy and for drug delivery using thermosensitive liposomes (TSL). It influences therapy outcome, affects the accumulation of liposomes, and triggers the content release from TSL in the target tissue. For the development and clinical application of(More)
MR-thermometry methods have been developed for the guidance and control of thermal therapies such as thermal ablation or regional hyperthermia. However, they are limited to the measurement of temperature changes and, thus, cannot be used to assess absolute temperature values. Paramagnetic thermosensitive liposomes are innovative contrast agents offering the(More)