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To delineate potential angiogenic roles of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), we have investigated PDGF and its receptors on bovine aortic endothelial cells that exhibit spontaneous angiogenesis in vitro (angiogenic endothelial cells). Initiation of cord/tube formation by angiogenic endothelial cells required bovine or human serum. Neutralization of(More)
The alpha- and beta-subunits of the receptor for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGFR) were found to be autophosphorylated in the absence of ligands at high expression levels which suggests a propensity of PDGFRs to dimerize spontaneously. When the extracellular domains (ED) of both receptors were expressed and purified to homogeneity, they could be(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) consists of two chains, PDGF-A and -B, which activate as homo- or heterodimers two receptors, alpha and beta. To test PDGF function in vivo we have generated neutralizing monoclonal antibodies. When analyzed with rat PDGFs only antibodies raised against human PDGF-AA showed cross-species activity. This correlated with(More)
Lung cancer is the most common cause of death by cancer in developed countries. Since a tumor cannot develop without the parallel expansion of a tumor stroma, a better understanding of its formation could lead to new therapeutical approaches. In this respect, since platelet-derived growth-factor (PDGF) is a chemotactic and growth factor for mesenchymal and(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis affects certain but not all vascular beds of the human circulation. Its molecular mechanisms are only partially understood. Human connective tissue growth factor (hCTGF) is a novel cysteine-rich, secreted polypeptide. hCTGF is implicated in connective tissue formation, which may play an important role in atherosclerosis. METHODS(More)
Normal lung structure is maintained by the presence of mesenchymal cells and their extracellular matrix products. The slow normal turnover of these cells is disrupted in fibrotic disorders, resulting in the in situ accumulation of mesenchymal cells and their extracellular matrix leading to a progressive alveolar wall thickening. Idiopathic pulmonary(More)
Analysis of lymphokine mRNA expression and protein secretion by about 100 short-term alloreactive T-cell clones revealed marked heterogeneity in the combinations of lymphokines synthesized. This finding argues against a simple model in which T cells express either an unrestricted (Th0) or a restricted (Th1 or Th2) lymphokine profile. Lymphokine titers(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was first identified as a 38-kDa cysteine-rich protein which can be specifically induced by TGF-beta and was recently found to be expressed abundantly in atherosclerotic lesions, but only marginally in normal vascular tissues. It was hypothesized that CTGF is one of the factors involved in the development of(More)
Here, we identify ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF)-like 7 (ARL7) as the only ARF- and ARL-family member whose mRNA-expression is induced by liver X-receptor/retinoid X-receptor agonists or cholesterol loading in human macrophages. Moreover, subcellular distribution of mutant and wild type ARL7-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) supports that ARL7 may be(More)
Development of the antigen-specific murine T cell response to immunization with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) in adjuvant has been monitored with direct limiting dilution analysis of CD4+ cells in draining lymph nodes (LN) and measurement of the cytokines produced by their clonal progeny. In vivo, the response to immunization suggested a major role for(More)