Michael Paulus

Learn More
We present a technique for the computation of the Green’s tensor in three-dimensional stratified media composed of an arbitrary number of layers with different permittivities and permeabilities ~including metals with a complex permittivity!. The practical implementation of this technique is discussed in detail. In particular, we show how to efficiently(More)
The islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) or amylin is a pancreatic hormone and crucially involved in the pathogenesis of type-II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Aggregation and amyloid formation of IAPP is considered as the primary culprit for pancreatic beta-cell loss in T2DM patients. In this study, first X-ray reflectivity (XRR) measurements on IAPP at lipid(More)
The key step in bacterial translation is formation of the pre-initiation complex. This requires initial contacts between mRNA, fMet-tRNA and the 30S subunit of the ribosome, steps that limit the initiation of translation. Here we report a method for improving translational initiation, which allows expression of several previously non-expressible genes. This(More)
Herein, we explore the effect of different types of osmolytes on the high-pressure stability and tertiary structure of a well-characterized monomeric protein, staphylococcal nuclease (SNase). Changes in the denaturation pressure and the radius of gyration are obtained in the presence of different concentrations of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), glycerol and(More)
The multi-purpose experimental endstation of beamline BL9 at the Dortmund Electron Accelerator (DELTA) is dedicated to diffraction experiments in grazing-incidence geometry, reflectivity and powder diffraction measurements. Moreover, fluorescence analysis and inelastic X-ray scattering experiments can be performed. Recently, a new set-up for small-angle and(More)
Osama Shekhah,*,† Hui Wang,† Stefan Kowarik,‡ Frank Schreiber,‡ Michael Paulus,§ Metin Tolan,§ Christian Sternemann,§ Florian Evers,§ Denise Zacher,| Roland A. Fischer,| and Christof Wöll*,† Ruhr-UniVersität Bochum, Physikalische Chemie 1, 44780 Bochum, Germany, UniVersität Tübingen, Angewandte Physik, 72074 Tübingen, Germany, UniVersität Dortmund,(More)
A structural interpretation of the thermodynamic stability of proteins requires an understanding of the structural properties of the unfolded state. High-pressure small-angle x-ray scattering was used to measure the effects of temperature, pressure, denaturants, and stabilizing osmolytes on the radii of gyration of folded and unfolded state ensembles of(More)
The high energy X-ray reflectivity technique has been applied to study the interfacial structure of protein adsorbates and protein adsorption kinetics in situ. For this purpose, the adsorption of lysozyme at the hydrophilic silica-water interface has been chosen as a model system. The structure of adsorbed lysozyme layers was probed for various aqueous(More)
In the discussion on toxic and genotoxic thresholds of air pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2), realistically low urban concentration ranges are of major interest. For NO2, the WHO defines the annual limit value as corresponding to 0.02 ppm. In the present study, the toxicity and genotoxicity of NO2 is set at a concentration under this limit value and(More)
We have investigated the structure and magnetism of self-assembled, 20 nm diameter iron oxide nanoparticles covered by an oleic acid shell for scrutinizing their structural and magnetic correlations. The nanoparticles were spin-coated on an Si substrate as a single monolayer and as a stack of 5 ML forming a multilayer. X-ray scattering (reflectivity and(More)