Michael Parfitt

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Adrenal grafting for Parkinson's disease has led to modest functional improvement despite poor graft survival. One explanation is a neurotrophic response within the traumatized striatum. This study was undertaken to investigate the time course of the astrocytic response in vivo and in vitro, and the expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) mRNA(More)
To assess the effects of guar gum on colonic microbial fermentation and cancer development, azoxymethane-treated rats were fed a partially hydrolyzed guar or control diet. Anaerobic fecal incubations were conducted at 8-wk intervals, either without added substrate or with cornstarch or hydrolyzed guar as substrates. Short-chain fatty acids in colonic(More)
The application of tetracycline-based iliac bone histomorphometry to the study of the pathogenesis of osteoporosis has given conflicting results. Accordingly, we performed this procedure in 78 postmenopausal white women with one or more vertebral fractures identified according to rigorous criteria that excluded other causes of vertebral deformity and 66(More)
The nutritional effects of butyrate on the colonic mucosa and studies of transformed cells suggest that butyrate has anti-colon cancer effects. If butyrate has antineoplastic effects, mucosal growth contrasts between normal subjects and those with a history of colonic neoplasia would parallel changes in growth characteristics caused by butyrate in a colon(More)
Earlier studies suggest that butyrate has colonic differentiating and nutritional effects and that acarbose increases butyrate production. To determine the effects of acarbose on colonic fermentation, subjects were given 50-200 mg acarbose or placebo (cornstarch), three times per day, with meals in a double-blind crossover study. Fecal concentrations of(More)
Surgical implantation of tissues into the brain causes trauma to the region receiving the graft. This study shows that real or simulated striatal trauma in hemiparkinsonian rats leads to increased expression of two trophic factor mRNAs: ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The baseline expression of BDNF mRNA was(More)
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