Learn More
The composition and fine structure of the vegetative cell wall peptidoglycan from Bacillus subtilis were determined by analysis of its constituent muropeptides. The structures of 39 muropeptides, representing 97% of the total peptidoglycan, were elucidated. About 99% analyzed muropeptides in B. subtilis vegetative cell peptidoglycan have the free carboxylic(More)
We have constructed an extensive database of 13C C alpha and C beta chemical shifts in proteins of solution, for proteins of which a high-resolution crystal structure exists, and for which the crystal structure has been shown to be essentially identical to the solution structure. There is no systematic effect of temperature, reference compound, or pH on(More)
The full-length glucoamylase from Aspergillus niger, G1, consists of an N-terminal catalytic domain followed by a semi-rigid linker (which together constitute the G2 form) and a C-terminal starch-binding domain (SBD). G1 and G2 both liberate glucose from insoluble corn starch, although G2 has a rate 80 times slower than G1. Following pre-incubation of the(More)
We report here genome sequences and comparative analyses of three closely related parasitoid wasps: Nasonia vitripennis, N. giraulti, and N. longicornis. Parasitoids are important regulators of arthropod populations, including major agricultural pests and disease vectors, and Nasonia is an emerging genetic model, particularly for evolutionary and(More)
The PEB1a protein of the gastrointestinal pathogen Campylobacter jejuni mediates interactions with epithelial cells and is an important factor in host colonization. Cell fractionation and immunoblotting showed that PEB1a is most abundant in the periplasm of C. jejuni, and is detectable in the culture supernatant but not in the inner or outer membrane. The(More)
Neuropeptides and protein hormones are ancient molecules that mediate cell-to-cell communication. The whole genome sequence from the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum, along with those from other insect species, provides an opportunity to study the evolution of the genes encoding neuropeptide and protein hormones. We identified 41 of these genes in the(More)
Heliobacteria are a group of anoxygenic phototrophs that can grow photoheterotrophically in defined minimal media on only a limited range of organic substrates as carbon sources. In this study the mechanisms which operate to assimilate carbon and the routes employed for the biosynthesis of cellular intermediates were investigated in a newHeliobacterium(More)
Polyphenols (tannins) in the diet not only precipitate oral proteins, producing an astringent sensation, but also interact with dietary proteins and digestive enzymes in the gut, resulting in a variety of antinutritive and toxic effects. Salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs), which are secreted into the oral cavity, form complexes with and precipitate(More)
Peptidoglycan structural dynamics during endospore germination of Bacillus subtilis 168 have been examined by muropeptide analysis. The first germination-associated peptidoglycan structural changes are detected within 3 min after the addition of the specific germinant L-alanine. We detected in the spore-associated material new muropeptides which, although(More)
The interaction between salivary proline-rich proteins and plant polyphenols (tannins) in the oral cavity and their subsequent precipitation influences the taste, texture and nutritional value of food; it is thought to be responsible for the astringency of many foods and beverages. To investigate the interaction, two-dimensional 1H-NMR studies have been(More)