Michael P Sokal

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BACKGROUND The alpha-emitter radium-223 ((223)Ra) is a bone-seeking radionuclide studied as a new treatment for patients with bone metastases from hormone-refractory prostate cancer. We aimed to study mature outcomes from a randomised, multicentre, phase II study of (223)Ra. METHODS Patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer and bone pain needing(More)
PURPOSE To assess the possibility of reducing radiotherapy doses without compromising efficacy in the management of patients with stage I seminoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned 20 Gy/10 fractions over 2 weeks or 30 Gy/15 fractions during 3 weeks after orchidectomy. They completed a symptom diary card during treatment and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate carboplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin (JEB) in children with malignant extracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs). PATIENTS AND METHODS Malignant GCTs in children aged 0 to 16 years were excised without major morbidity or otherwise biopsied. Stage I testicular and some ovarian GCTs were resected and monitored with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)(More)
The aim of this study was to review the United Kingdom Children's Cancer Study Group (UKCCSG) experience of sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCT) including histological presentation, response to surgery and chemotherapy, and long term effects of the tumour and treatment. This paper presents the results for those children diagnosed during the neonatal period.(More)
PURPOSE Surveillance is a standard management approach for stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). A randomized trial of two versus five computed tomography (CT) scans was performed to determine whether the number of scans influenced the proportion of patients relapsing with intermediate- or poor-prognosis disease at relapse. METHODS Patients(More)
BACKGROUND This phase II randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted to evaluate efficacy and safety of radium-223 in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and painful bone metastases. Twelve- and 18-month survival results were reported previously. Here we report 24-month overall survival (OS) and safety data from the period 12 to(More)
BACKGROUND We report the efficacy and late effects of carboplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin (JEB) for extracranial non-gonadal tumours (GCII, 1989-95) compared with the 5 previous regimens (GCI, 1979-1988) consisting of 3 vincristine, actinomycin, and cyclophosphamide (VAC) and 2 platinum-based protocols. METHODS AND RESULTS Median follow-up for 52(More)
Mutations in the KIT gene occur in approximately 8% of all testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) and KIT is the most frequently mutated known cancer gene. One report has shown that 93% of patients with bilateral disease have a mutation at codon 816 of the KIT gene. Importantly, this suggests that the identification of a mutation in KIT is predictive of the(More)
BACKGROUND The most frequent site of metastases from prostate cancer is bone. Adjuvant bisphosphonate treatment improves outcomes of patients with bone metastasis-negative breast cancer, but the effects of bisphosphonates on bone metastases in prostate cancer are not known. METHODS We performed a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial to(More)
We have reviewed 41 patients with malignant extradural tumours of the spine treated by anterior decompression for cord compression, or uncontrolled back pain or both. An anterior operation alone was performed in 37 cases, four had combined or staged anterior and posterior decompression. An anterior operation on its own achieved major neurological recovery(More)