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Amphibian antimicrobial peptides have been known for many decades and several of them have been isolated from anuran species. Dermaseptins are among the most studied antimicrobial peptides and are found in the skin secretion of tree frogs from the Phyllomedusinae subfamily. These peptides exert a lytic action on bacteria, protozoa, yeast, and filamentous(More)
Nitric oxide synthase catalyzes the production of nitric oxide, a multifunctional signaling molecule that affects diverse aspects of animal physiology such as cell proliferation, differentiation, neurotransmission and apoptosis. Here, we report the cloning and expression pattern of the zebrafish nnos. This gene was mapped to zebrafish linkage group 5. The(More)
BACKGROUND How the central nervous system (CNS) develops to implement innate behaviors remains largely unknown. Drosophila male sexual behavior has long been used as a model to address this question. The male-specific products of fruitless (fru) are pivotal to the emergence of this behavior. These putative transcription factors, containing one of three(More)
Characterization of the peptide content of venoms has a number of potential benefits for basic research, clinical diagnosis, development of new therapeutic agents, and production of antiserum. In order to analyze in detail the peptides and small proteins of crude samples, techniques such as chromatography and mass spectrometry have been employed. The(More)
Animal peptide toxins have become powerful tools to study structure-function relationships and physiological roles of voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels. In the present study, we investigated the effects of PnTx3-6, a neurotoxin purified from the venom of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer on cloned mammalian Ca(2+) channels expressed in human embryonic(More)
In contrast to the many studies on the venoms of scorpions, spiders, snakes and cone snails, up to now there has been no report of the proteomic analysis of sea anemones venoms. In this work we report for the first time the peptide mass fingerprint and some novel peptides in the neurotoxic fraction (Fr III) of the sea anemone Bunodosoma cangicum venom. Fr(More)
PURPOSE To examine the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 in treatment of PIK3CA wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN PIK3CA mutant and wild-type human CRC cell lines were treated in vitro with NVP-BEZ235, and the resulting effects on proliferation, apoptosis, and signaling were assessed. Colonic(More)
Calcium influx through neuronal voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCC S) mediates nociceptive information in the spinal dorsal horn. In fact, spinally administered VSCC S blockers, such as omega-conotoxin MVIIA, have analgesic effect apart of their low therapeutic index and many side effects. Here we study the analgesic potential of Ph alpha 1beta, a(More)
Phα1β is a potent toxin obtained from the spider Phoneutria nigriventer that blocks neuronal voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channels. This study compared the antiallodynic effects of Phα1β, ω-conotoxin MVIIA and morphine in mice and their side effects in rats. Mechanical allodynia was measured in mice receiving single intrathecal administration of Phα1β,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of spider toxins on brain injury induced by oxygen deprivation and low glucose (ODLG) insult on slices of rat hippocampus. After ODLG insult cell viabilility in hippocampal slices was assessed by confocal microscopy and epifluorescence using the live/dead kit containing calcein-AM and ethidium homodimer(More)