Michael P. Kladde

Learn More
bcl-2 gene expression is induced by 17beta-estradiol (E2) in T47D and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and the mechanism of E2 responsiveness was further investigated by analysis of the bcl-2 gene promoter. The -1602 to -1534 distal region (bcl-2j) of the promoter was E2-responsive; however, in gel mobility shift assays, the estrogen receptor alpha(More)
Glioblastoma remains one of the most lethal types of cancer, and is the most common brain tumour in adults. In particular, tumour recurrence after surgical resection and radiation invariably occurs regardless of aggressive chemotherapy. Here, we provide evidence that the transcription factor ZEB1 (zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1) exerts simultaneous(More)
The essential Sth1p is the protein most closely related to the conserved Snf2p/Swi2p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sth1p purified from yeast has a DNA-stimulated ATPase activity required for its function in vivo. The finding that Sth1p is a component of a multiprotein complex capable of ATP-dependent remodeling of the structure of chromatin (RSC) in vitro,(More)
Heterochromatin protein 1 Hsalpha (HP1(Hsalpha)) is one of three human proteins that share sequence similarity with Drosophila HP1. HP1 proteins are enriched at centric heterochromatin and play a role in chromatin packaging and gene regulation. In humans, HP1(Hsalpha) is down-regulated in highly invasive/metastatic breast cancer cells, compared to poorly(More)
Chromatin creates transcriptional barriers that are overcome by coactivator activities such as histone acetylation by Gcn5 and ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling by SWI/SNF. Factors defining the differential coactivator requirements in the transactivation of various promoters remain elusive. Induction of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae PHO5 promoter does not(More)
The ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF regulates transcription and has been implicated in promoter nucleosome eviction. Efficient nucleosome disassembly by SWI/SNF alone in biochemical assays, however, has not been directly observed. Employing a model system of dinucleosomes rather than mononucleosomes, we demonstrate that remodeling leads(More)
Post-translational modifications of histone amino-terminal tails are a key determinant in gene expression. Histone methylation plays a dual role in gene regulation. Methylation of lysine 9 of histone H3 in higher eukaryotes is associated with transcriptionally inactive heterochromatin, whereas H3 lysine 4 methylation correlates with active chromatin.(More)
Human tumors are comprised of heterogeneous cell populations that display diverse molecular and phenotypic features. To examine the extent to which epigenetic differences contribute to intratumoral cellular heterogeneity, we have developed a high-throughput method, termed MAPit-patch. The method uses multiplexed amplification of targeted sequences from(More)
Previous studies have identified single amino acid changes within either histone H3 or H4 (Sin- versions) that allow transcription in the absence of the yeast SWI-SNF complex. The histone H4 mutants are competent for nucleosome assembly in vivo, and the residues that are altered appear to define a discrete domain on the surface of the histone octamer. We(More)
Cytosine-5 DNA methylation is a critical signal defining heritable epigenetic states of transcription. As aberrant methylation patterns often accompany disease states, the ability to target cytosine methylation to preselected regions could prove valuable in re-establishing proper gene regulation. We employ the strategy of targeted gene methylation in yeast,(More)