Michael P. Hughes

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In cancer, multidrug resistance (MDR) is the simultaneous resistance of tumor cells to different natural product anticancer drugs that have no common structure. This is an impediment to the successful treatment of many human cancers. A common correlate of MDR is the overexpression of a membrane protein, P-glycoprotein. Many studies have shown that MDR can(More)
The use of a single implantable microprobe to detect multiple, bi-directional action potential velocities is demonstrated. By using multiple electrode sites along the direction of propagation to record the same action potentials, recorded action potentials can yield the velocities of a number of neurons in both afferent and efferent directions.
Amyloid protein aggregates are associated with dozens of devastating diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, ALS, and diabetes type 2. While structure-based discovery of compounds has been effective in combating numerous infectious and metabolic diseases, ignorance of amyloid structure has hindered similar approaches to amyloid disease. Here we show(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing human neural stem/progenitor cell (huNSPC) populations that will predominantly generate neurons from those that produce glia is currently hampered by a lack of sufficient cell type-specific surface markers predictive of fate potential. This limits investigation of lineage-biased progenitors and their potential use as therapeutic(More)
The dielectrophoretic collection spectra of antibiotic-sensitive and antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis have been determined. These indicate that in the absence of antibiotic treatment there is a strong similarity between the dielectric properties of sensitive and resistant strains, and that there is a significant difference between(More)
An investigation has been performed into the biophysical properties of the enveloped mammalian virus, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). The dielectrophoretic behaviour of the virus particles was measured as a function of applied frequency (over the range 100 kHz-20 MHz) and conductivity of the suspending medium (over the range 1-100 mS m(-1)). The(More)
A method is described whereby dielectrophoresis of algal cells is used to perform rapid water quality analysis, specifically detecting the presence of CuSO4. The dielectric collection spectrum of the fresh water alga Selenastrum capricornutum was determined for a range of concentrations of CuSO4 from 25 mg L(-1) to 0.25 mg L(-1) for exposure times of 15 min(More)
Most oral cancers are oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) that arise from the epithelial lining of the oral mucosa. Given that the oral cavity is easily accessible, the disease lends itself to early detection; however, most oral cancers are diagnosed at a late stage, and approximately half of oral cancer sufferers do not survive beyond five years,(More)
To organise in vitro neural networks at the cellular level and study their electrical patterns, we have fabricated 4 x 4 planar microelectrode arrays using conventional photolithography. The electrode sites of these arrays are located inside micro-wells, for confining the neurons, which are connected with neighbouring wells via micro-trenches capable of(More)
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) offers many advantages over conventional cell assays such as flow cytometry and patch clamp techniques for assessing cell electrophysiology as a marker for cancer studies and drug interaction assessment. However, despite the advantages offered by DEP analysis, uptake has been low, remaining largely in the academic arena, due to the(More)