Michael P Heffernan

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BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor is pivotal in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Adalimumab is a fully human monoclonal immunoglobulin G1 antibody that neutralizes tumor necrosis factor. OBJECTIVES We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of adalimumab in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. METHODS In this multicenter, randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis substantially impairs the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients, and a comprehensive evaluation of treatment includes HRQOL measures. OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of adalimumab on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. METHODS In a Phase II, randomized, controlled trial, the(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical studies indicate that the enzyme cyclooxygenase 2 plays an important role in ultraviolet-induced skin cancers. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, as a chemopreventive agent for actinic keratoses, the premalignant precursor of nonmelanoma skin cancers, and for nonmelanoma skin cancers,(More)
Psoriasis (OMIM 177900) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder of unknown pathogenesis affecting approximately 2% of the Western population. It occurs more frequently in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus, and 20-30% of individuals with psoriasis have psoriatic arthritis. Psoriasis is associated with HLA class I alleles, and previous linkage(More)
Scleromyxoedema is a rare disease characterized by cutaneous sclerosis, mucin deposition and paraproteinaemia. Internal disease is common, particularly musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal and central nervous system involvement. We report a series of three consecutive patients with scleromyxoedema treated with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (hdIVIg).(More)
Since its approval in 1997 by the FDA, rituximab has been approved for use in certain B-cell lymphomas and treatment-resistant rheumatoid arthritis. Over the past 10 years, many case reports have indicated rituximab's efficacy in a number of inflammatory conditions in dermatology. This article includes a review of the mechanism of action, dosing, and side(More)
Recently, dermatologists have witnessed a revolution in our therapeutic armamentarium with the development of several novel biologic immunomodulators. Although psoriasis remains the only condition in dermatology for which the use of biologic immunomodulators has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, these drugs have the potential to(More)
Excessive sebum production is a central aspect of the pathophysiology of acne vulgaris. Sebaceous gland function is under androgen control and it is hypothesized that dihydrotestosterone is formed by the action of 5 alpha-reductase. Type I is the controlling isoenzyme. This study describes a 3-month, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Ixekizumab is a humanised monoclonal antibody against the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 17A. We report two studies of ixekizumab compared with placebo or etanercept to assess the safety and efficacy of specifically targeting interleukin 17A in patients with widespread moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS In two prospective,(More)
The patient, a 46-year-old black woman, was referred to the dermatology clinic at Washington University, St Louis, Mo, for evaluation of reddish-purple nodules on her face and shins. The patient’s medical history was significant for hypothyroidism and an arrhythmia. Findings from a punch biopsy from her right nasal ala showed confluent granulomas with(More)