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OBJECTIVES 1) To describe the hearing status of the at-risk infants in the National Institutes of Health-Identification of Neonatal Hearing Impairment study sample at 8 to 12 mo corrected age (chronologic age adjusted for prematurity). 2) To describe the visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA) protocol that was used to obtain monaural behavioral data for the(More)
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were measured in normal-hearing and hearing-impaired human subjects. Analyses based on decision theory were used to evaluate DPOAE test performance. Specifically, relative operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and the areas under these curves were used to estimate the extent to which normal(More)
OBJECTIVES 1) To describe distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) measurements in large groups of subjects with normal hearing and with hearing loss, and to use these data to provide comprehensive descriptions of DPOAE test performance. 2) To describe the effects of primary frequency and audiometric threshold on the extent to which DPOAE(More)
A novel analysis approach has been developed to examine the latency of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs). DPOAEs were measured in ten normal-hearing adults in a paradigm in which f2 was held constant and f1 was varied. This paradigm was used with a wide range of primary levels. Latency was estimated in two ways. In the first, a phase-slope(More)
Auditory brainstem responses were recorded from 20 normally hearing subjects using tone-burst stimuli that were gated with cosine-squared functions. Clear responses were observed over a wide range of frequencies and levels. These responses were highly reproducible within individual subjects and were reliably measured by two independent examiners. ABR(More)
A comparison of the latency of auditory brain-stem responses (ABR) and evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAE) has led to an interpretation for the travel of transients in the peripheral auditory system that is consistent with both sets of data. The "cochlear echo" theory for the origin of the EOAE indicates that the latency of a particular frequency component(More)
Auditory brainstem responses (ABR) were measured in 535 children from 3 months to 3 years of age. The latencies reported in this paper should be unaffected by peripheral hearing loss because each child had bilateral wave V responses at 20 dB HLn. Wave V latencies decreased as age increased, at least to 18 months of age, while little or no change was noted(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), and auditory brain stem responses (ABRs) as tools for identification of neonatal hearing impairment. DESIGN A total of 4911 infants including 4478 graduates of neonatal intensive care(More)
Auditory brainstem responses (ABR) were obtained from graduates of an intensive care nursery (ICN) when those babies were in stable physiological states and ready for hospital discharge. Intensity ranged from ABR threshold to 80 dB nHL, and all recordings were made in a sound-isolated chamber. The data reviewed here are from 585 babies having presumably(More)
OBJECTIVES This article summarizes the results of a multi-center study, "Identification of Neonatal Hearing Impairment," sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. The purpose of this study was to determine the performance characteristics of three measures of peripheral auditory system status, transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), distortion(More)