Michael P Gillam

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The acute effects of MK-801, a selective, noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, were assessed using an operant test battery (OTB) of complex food-reinforced tasks that are thought to depend upon relatively specific brain functions such as motivation to work for food (progressive ratio, PR), learning (incremental repeated acquisition, IRA), color and(More)
To explore the effects of gestational cocaine exposure in a nonhuman primate model, pregnant rhesus monkeys were treated from about 1 month of gestation until term with either 0 (N = 3), 0.3 (N = 3), 1.0 (N = 3), or escalating doses up to 8.5 (N = 3) mg/kg (IM), three times per day, 5 consecutive days per week. Despite these differences in cocaine exposure,(More)
The acute behavioral effects of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and dexfenfluramine (d-FEN) were assessed in six rhesus monkeys using performance in the National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) Operant Test Battery (OTB); three additional animals served as controls for neurochemical endpoints. The OTB consists of five food-reinforced tasks(More)
The effects of phencyclidine (PCP; a noncompetitive NMDA antagonist) were assessed in rhesus monkeys using performance in an operant test battery (OTB) consisting of five food-reinforced tasks thought to engender responses dependent upon aspects of time estimation, short-term memory, motivation, learning, and color and position discrimination. End-points(More)
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) is currently prescribed to pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency virus to reduce the risk of vertical transmission of the virus to the fetus. Consequently, more information is needed concerning the placental transfer and tissue distribution of AZT and its metabolites. In the present study, the placental(More)
The purpose of this research was to determine if adult animals that were exposed to cocaine prenatally would be able to adapt to changes in the rules of reinforcement for a simple discrimination task. Treatment groups included 0.0, 1.0, and 3.0 mg cocaine/kg/day and an escalating-dose group that began treatment at 3.0 mg cocaine/kg/day, after which the dose(More)
Effects of chronic treatment with the putative serotonergic neurotoxicant MDMA were assessed in rhesus macaques using behavior in an operant test battery (OTB) designed to model aspects of time estimation, short-term memory, motivation, learning, and color and position discrimination. After an initial acute dose-response assessment, escalating doses of MDMA(More)
To explore the effects of gestational cocaine exposure in a nonhuman primate model, pregnant rhesus monkeys were either treated (N = 10) with escalating doses of cocaine up to 7.5 mg/kg (IM), three times per day, 5 consecutive days per week, prior to conception and throughout gestation, or were not treated (N = 10) with cocaine at all. Substantial levels of(More)
The effects of acute intravenous (i.v.) cocaine (COC) on several complex brain functions were studied in rhesus monkeys at 1.5, 3 and 10-11 years of age. Subjects performed several operant tasks (for food) that were used to model learning, short-term memory, color and position discrimination, and motivation, and disruption of performance of these tasks was(More)