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We report the expression cloning of a novel leptin-binding protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily (OB-BP1) and a cross-hybridizing clone (OB-BP2) that is identical to a recently described sialic acid-binding I-type lectin called Siglec-5. Comparisons to other known Siglec family members (CD22, CD33, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and sialoadhesin) show(More)
Previous studies suggested that the potent immunosuppressive activities of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) were mediated in part through the inhibition of IL-2-dependent S-phase progression and mitosis of activated T cells. To further investigate the mechanism of T cell growth inhibition by TGF-beta, two constitutively activated murine T cell(More)
The growth, differentiation, and functional activities of antigen-stimulated T lymphocytes are regulated by the interaction of the T-cell-derived cytokine, interleukin-2 (IL-2), with the high-affinity IL-2 receptor (IL-2R). IL-2R occupancy initiates a rapid increase in intracellular protein tyrosine phosphorylation, suggesting that a receptor-coupled(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that IL-1 receptor (IL-1R)- and TCR-initiated signals can interact synergistically to increase the rate of transcription of several lymphokine and lymphokine receptor genes during the competence phase of the activation program in T helper lymphocytes. In this report we describe how signals initiated through the type I(More)
Opiates are known to function as immunomodulators, in part by effects on T cells. However, the signal transduction pathways mediating the effects of opiates on T cells are largely undefined. To determine whether pathways that regulate free intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and/or cAMP are affected by opiates acting through delta-type opioid receptors (DORs),(More)
Eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) were isolated from lysates of human eosinophil granules by gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography on heparin-Sepharose. Radioimmunoassay, using monoclonal antibodies, of fractions from the heparin-Sepharose chromatography showed one peak of EDN activity and two peaks of ECP(More)
Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an inducible transcription factor that regulates genes important in immunity and inflammation. The activity of NF-kappaB is highly regulated: transcriptionally active NF-kappaB proteins are sequestered in the cytoplasm by inhibitory proteins, IkappaB. A variety of extracellular signals, including interleukin-1 (IL-1),(More)
Lymphocyte differentiation from naive CD4(+) T cells into mature Th1, Th2, Th17, or T regulatory cell (Treg) phenotypes has been considered end stage in character. In this study, we demonstrate that dendritic cells (DCs) activated with a novel immune modulator B7-DC XAb (DC(XAb)) can reprogram Tregs into T effector cells. Down-regulation of FoxP3 expression(More)
Human eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) was purified from eosinophil granules derived from the peripheral blood of patients with eosinophilia. The molecular mass of the H and L subunits was determined by gel filtration to be 57,000 and 11,000 daltons, respectively. The partial amino acid sequences of both subunits were used to construct oligonucleotides for the(More)
Recent molecular evidence points to transient and/or stage-specific expression of delta- and kappa-opioid receptors by thymic and peripheral T lymphocytes. Since medical treatments or stress commonly increase opioid levels, it is important to understand the mechanisms by which opioids affect T lymphocyte functions. We therefore created and studied a T cell(More)