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BACKGROUND Based on findings of stress-induced neural disturbances in animals and smaller hippocampal volumes in humans with posttraumatic stress disorder), we hypothesized that patients with borderline personality disorders (BPD), who often are victims of early traumatization, have smaller volumes of the hippocampus and the amygdala. We assumed that(More)
BACKGROUND Criminal offenders with a diagnosis of psychopathy or borderline personality disorder (BPD) share an impulsive nature but tend to differ in their style of emotional response. This study aims to use multiple psychophysiologic measures to compare emotional responses to unpleasant and pleasant stimuli. METHODS Twenty-five psychopaths as defined by(More)
The selective 5-HT1A receptor ligand ipsapirone (IPS) induces corticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol secretion in humans. To explore 5-HT1A receptor-mediated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system activation in depression, 24 subjects (12 patients with unipolar depression and 12 individually matched controls) were given 0.3 mg/kg IPS or placebo in random(More)
In a randomised multicentre study, the prophylactic efficacy of lithium and carbamazepine was compared in schizoaffective disorder. A total of 90 ICD-9 schizoaffective patients were included in the maintenance phase (2.5 years). They were also diagnosed according to RDC and DSM-III-R and classified into subgroups. Mean serum levels were 0.58 +/- 0.12 mmol/l(More)
The causes of schizophrenia are still unknown. For the last 100 years, though, both "absent" and "perfect" vision have been associated with a lower risk for schizophrenia. Hence, vision itself and aberrations in visual functioning may be fundamental to the development and etiological explanations of the disorder. In this paper, we present the(More)
We have studied the effect of three fixed daily doses of fluoxetine in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) diagnosed according to DSM-III-R. Two hundred and fourteen patients were evaluated in an 8-week double blind, placebo-controlled study. A statistically significantly greater number of fluoxetine-treated patients achieved the prospectively(More)
To explore 5-HT1A receptor responsivity in panic disorder (PD), hypothermic, neuroendocrine and behavioral responses to the selective partial 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone (IPS) were investigated in patients with primary PD and healthy controls. Fourteen patients and matched controls received a single oral dose of 0.3 mg/kg IPS or placebo under(More)
BACKGROUND Intense and rapidly changing mood states are a major feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is thought to arise from affective vulnerability. OBJECTIVE There have been only a few studies investigating affective processing in BPD, and particularly neither psychophysiological nor neurofunctional correlates of abnormal emotional(More)
INTRODUCTION Pedophiles show sexual interest in prepubescent children but not in adults. Research into the neurofunctional mechanisms of paraphilias has gathered momentum over the last years. AIM To elucidate the underlying neural processing of sexual interest among pedophiles and to highlight the differences in comparison with nonparaphilic sexual(More)
Choice-reaction time (CRT) is an experimental information-processing paradigm. Based on an interference effect in visual attention, the CRT method has been shown to be suitable for measuring sexual orientation in men and women. The present study assessed the potential of the CRT to identify deviant (i.e., pedophilic) sexual interest. Participants were(More)