Michael Ortiz

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We develop a new paradigm for thin-shell finite-element analysis based on the use of subdivision surfaces for: i) describing the geometry of the shell in its undeformed configuration, and ii) generating smooth interpolated displacement fields possessing bounded energy within the strict framework of the Kirchhoff-Love theory of thin shells. The particular(More)
Variational techniques are used to analyze the problem of rigid-body dynamics with impacts. The theory of smooth Lagrangian mechanics is extended to a nonsmooth context appropriate for collisions, and it is shown in what sense the system is symplectic and satisfies a Noether-style momentum conservation theorem. Discretizations of this nonsmooth mechanics(More)
We propose an approximation scheme for a variational theory of brittle fracture. In this scheme, the energy functional is approximated by a family of functionals depending on a small parameter and on two fields: the displacement field and an eigendeformation field that describes the fractures that occur in the body. Specifically, the eigendeformations allow(More)
We propose a rigorous framework for uncertainty quantification (UQ) in which the UQ objectives and its assumptions/information set are brought to the forefront. This framework, which we call optimal uncertainty quantification (OUQ), is based on the observation that, given a set of assumptions and information about the problem, there exist optimal bounds on(More)
This work is concerned with the reformulation of evolutionary problems in a weak form enabling consideration of solutions that may exhibit evolving microstructures. This reformulation is accomplished by expressing the evolutionary problem in variational form, i.e., by identifying a functional whose minimizers represent entire trajectories of the system. The(More)
We present a simple set of data structures, and a collection of methods for constructing and updating the structures, designed to support the use of cohesive elements in simulations of fracture and fragmentation. Initially, all interior faces in the triangulation are perfectly coherent, i.e. conforming in the usual finite element sense. Cohesive elements(More)
We consider single-crystal plasticity in the limiting case of infinite latent hardening, which signifies that the crystal must deform in single slip at all material points. This requirement introduces a nonconvex constraint, and thereby induces the formation of fine-scale structures. We restrict attention throughout to linearized kinematics and deformation(More)
Discontinuous Galerkin (DG) finite-element methods for secondand fourth-order elliptic problems were introduced about three decades ago. These methods stem from the hybrid methods developed by Pian and his coworker [25]. At the time of their introduction, DG methods were generally called interior penalty methods, and were considered by Baker [4], Douglas(More)
The aim of this paper is the development of equilibrium and non-equilibrium extensions of the quasicontinuum (QC) method. We first use variational mean-field theory and the maximum-entropy (max-ent) formalism for deriving approximate probability distribution and partition functions for the system. The resulting probability distribution depends locally on(More)