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Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder predominantly characterized by obesity, retinal dystrophy, polydactyly, learning difficulties, hypogenitalism and renal malformations, with secondary features that include diabetes mellitus, endocrinological dysfunction and behavioural abnormalities. Despite an initial expectation of genetic(More)
PURPOSE Newfoundland has one of the highest rates of colorectal cancer in North America. The most common hereditary form of colorectal cancer is hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer caused by mutations in genes involved in mismatch repair. Our purpose was to determine the proportion of hereditary colorectal cancer and to determine the genetic basis of(More)
The clinical classification of hereditary sequence variants identified in disease-related genes directly affects clinical management of patients and their relatives. The International Society for Gastrointestinal Hereditary Tumours (InSiGHT) undertook a collaborative effort to develop, test and apply a standardized classification scheme to constitutional(More)
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in developed countries. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified novel susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer. To follow up on these findings, and try to identify novel colorectal cancer susceptibility loci, we present results for GWAS of colorectal cancer (2,906(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder; major phenotypic findings include dysmorphic extremities, retinal dystrophy, obesity, male hypogenitalism, and renal anomalies. In the majority of northern European families with BBS, the syndrome is linked to a 26-cM region on chromosome 11q13. However, the finding, so far, of five(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized primarily by obesity, polydactyly, retinal dystrophy, and renal disease. The significant genetic and clinical heterogeneity of this condition have substantially hindered efforts to positionally clone the numerous BBS genes, because the majority of available pedigrees are small(More)
There are at least five distinct Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) loci, four of which have been mapped: 11q (BBS1), 16q (BBS2), 3p (BBS3), and 15q (BBS4). A comparative study of the three Arab-Bedouin kindreds used to map the BBS2, BBS3, and BBS4 loci suggests that the variability in the number and severity of clinical manifestations, particularly the pattern of(More)
Mutations in some mismatch repair (MMR) genes are associated with Lynch syndrome (LS; also called hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer [HNPCC]), an autosomal dominant cancer susceptibility syndrome. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most frequent cancer observed in LS. However, tumors occur at a variety of extracolonic sites and individuals may have(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Direct germline analysis could be used to screen high-risk patients for mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes associated with Lynch Syndrome. We examined the prevalence of mutations in MLH1, MSH2, and MSH6 in a population-based sample of patients with young-onset (age <50 years) colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS Young-onset CRC cases(More)