Michael Nossal

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Searching is inherently a user-centered process; people pose the questions for which machines seek answers, and ultimately people judge the degree to which retrieved documents meet their needs. Rapid development of interactive systems that use queries expressed in one language to search documents written in another poses five key challenges: (1) interaction(More)
For the 2002 Cross-Language Evaluation Forum Interactive Track, the University of Maryland team focused on query formulation and reformulation. Twelve people performed a total of forty eight searches in the German document collection using English queries. Half of the searches were with user-assisted query translation, and half with fully automatic query(More)
We present a simple, one-pass word alignment algorithm for parallel text. Our algorithm utilizes synchronous parsing and takes advantage of existing syntactic annotations. In our experiments the performance of this model is comparable to more complicated iterative methods. We discuss the challenges and potential benefits of using this model to train(More)
We view interactive Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) as an iterative process in which the searcher and the retrieval system collaborate to find documents that satisfy the searcher's needs, regardless of the language in which those documents are written. Our motivation is that humans and machines can bring complementary strengths to this process.(More)
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