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BACKGROUND During the development of heart failure (HF), the chief myocardial energy substrate switches from fatty acids to glucose. This metabolic switch, which recapitulates fetal cardiac energy substrate preferences, is thought to maintain aerobic energetic balance. The regulatory mechanisms involved in this metabolic response are unknown. METHODS AND(More)
Although initially viewed as unregulated, increasing evidence suggests that cellular necrosis often proceeds through a specific molecular program. In particular, death ligands such as tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α activate necrosis by stimulating the formation of a complex containing receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) and receptor-interacting protein 3(More)
Modest depolarization of the mitochondrial inner membrane potential is known to attenuate mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation. Transient pharmacologic uncoupling of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation results in modest depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential and confers protection against subsequent cardiac(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have an established role in inflammation and host defense, as they kill intracellular bacteria and have been shown to activate the NLRP3 inflammasome. Here, we find that ROS generated by mitochondrial respiration are important for normal lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven production of several proinflammatory cytokines and for the(More)
Acetylation has recently emerged as an important mechanism for controlling a broad array of proteins mediating cellular adaptation to metabolic fuels. Acetylation is governed, in part, by SIRTs (sirtuins), class III NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases that regulate lipid and glucose metabolism in liver during fasting and aging. However, the role of acetylation or(More)
Our novel proposal is that TNFα exerts a direct effect on mitochondrial respiratory function in the heart, independently of its cell surface receptors. TNFα-induced cardioprotection is known to involve reactive oxygen species (ROS) and sphingolipids. We therefore further propose that this direct mitochondrial effect is mediated via ROS and sphingolipids.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the functional requirement of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) in cardiac myocyte tolerance to ischemia (I) and in classical preconditioning. METHODS Cardiac myocyte STAT-3 was depleted in mice using Cre-lox p technology. Isolated cardiomyocytes from wild-type (WT) and STAT-3-deficient mice were evaluated(More)
RATIONALE Mice lacking cyclophilin D (CypD(-/-)), a mitochondrial chaperone protein, have altered cardiac metabolism. As acetylation has been shown to regulate metabolism, we tested whether changes in protein acetylation might play a role in these metabolic changes in CypD(-/-) hearts. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to test the hypothesis that loss of CypD alters(More)
The contribution of the Wnt pathway has been extensively characterized in embryogenesis, differentiation, and stem cell biology but not in mammalian metabolism. Here, using in vivo gain- and loss-of-function models, we demonstrate an important role for Wnt signaling in hepatic metabolism. In particular, β-catenin, the downstream mediator of canonical Wnt(More)
Pharmacological uncoupling of mitochondrial oxidation from phosphorylation promotes preconditioning-like cardioprotection in the isolated rat heart. We hypothesized that modest mitochondrial uncoupling may be a critical cellular event in orchestrating preconditioning. Human-derived Girardi cells and murine C2C12 skeletal myotubes were preconditioned using(More)