Michael N Guerini

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Tachyzoite endodyogeny is characterized by a three phase cell cycle comprised of major G1 and S phases with mitosis following immediately upon the conclusion of DNA replication. Cytokinesis, which begins with the formation of daughter apical complexes, initiates in late S phase and overlaps mitosis. There is no evidence to support an extended G2 period in(More)
We have demonstrated that bradyzoites return to the tissue-cyst stage by a developmental pathway that is indistinguishable from that initiated by sporozoites. Mature bradyzoites, like sporozoites from oocysts, were non-proliferative as they contained uniform 1N DNA contents, and replication occurred only in parasites that de-differentiated back into(More)
Complete cDNA sequences encoding two novel proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigens (designated TgPCNA1 and 2) were isolated from a Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoite cDNA library, and Southern analysis using cDNA probes confirmed the presence of two PCNA genes in T. gondii genomic DNA. Expressed-sequence-tags were identified in the T. gondii database that matched(More)
We mutagenized RH delta hxgprt strain tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii using N-nitroso-N-ethylurea and analyzed 40 clonal isolates (of 3680 ENU mutants) that were unable to grow in cell culture at 40 degrees C. These isolates grew normally at 34 degrees C, but showed variable growth at temperatures between 34 and 39 degrees C. The inability to grow at 40(More)
A robust forward genetic model for Apicomplexa could greatly enhance functional analysis of genes in these important protozoan pathogens. We have developed and successfully tested a genetic complementation strategy based on genomic insertion in Toxoplasma gondii. Adapting recombination cloning to genomic DNA, we show that complementing sequences can be(More)
Growth rate is a major pathogenesis factor in the parasite Toxoplasma gondii; however, how cell division is controlled in this protozoan is poorly understood. Herein, we show that centrosomal duplication is an indicator of S phase entry while centrosome migration marks mitotic entry. Using the pattern of centrosomal replication, we confirmed that mutant(More)
GAL4-based yeast two-hybrid cDNA libraries from Toxoplasma gondii RH strain were constructed and screened for interactors of a putative T. gondii cdc2-related kinase, TgCRK2. A screen of 3.2 million transformants yielded a single yeast clone that harbored a protein fusion capable of specifically interacting with TgCRK2. Sequencing revealed the cDNA insert(More)
The apicomplexa parasite Toxoplasma gondii expresses two distinct proliferating cell nuclear antigens (PCNA) that exhibit distinct patterns of subcellular localization during tachyzoite growth. In all cell cycle phases, TgPCNA1 is concentrated in the nucleus, while TgPCNA2 is only concentrated in the nucleus during S-phase and uniformly distributed(More)
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