Learn More
A new technique employing continuous recirculating perfusion of the rat liver in situ, shaking of the liver in buffer in vitro, and filtration of the tissue through nylon mesh, results in the conversion of about 50% of the liver into intact, isolated parenchymal cells. The perfusion media consist of: (a) calcium-free Hanks' solution containing 0.05%(More)
Since its introduction in 1969, the high-yield preparation of isolated hepatocytes has become a frequently used tool for the study of hepatic uptake, excretion, metabolism and toxicity of drugs and other xenobiotics. Basic preparative methods are now firmly established involving perfusion of the liver with a balanced-saline solution containing collagenase.(More)
The first technique for large-scale preparation of isolated hepatocytes was described in 1953 and involved perfusion of rat liver under pressure with a Ca(2+)-free solution containing a chelating agent. Various modifications of this technique were in use over the next ten years, until it was demonstrated that cells prepared in this manner were grossly(More)
The relative contributions of beta-oxidation and citric acid cycle activity to total O2 consumption during fatty acid oxidation were examined in isolated hepatocytes. When hepatocytes were incubated with palmitate alone, a rise in fatty acid concentration induced an increase in O2 uptake that reflected a large stimulation of beta-oxidation and an(More)
In order to examine the possible contribution of the liver to diet-induced thermogenesis, we examined the metabolism of hepatocytes from rats that had been fed a varied choice of highly palatable human food items ("cafeteria feeding"). Liver cells derived from cafeteria-fed rats that had been fasted for 20 hours showed marked increases in rates of(More)
The influence of phosphate-free medium buffered with synthetic organic buffers, and of a preliminary incubation of cells in medium lacking added substrate ('pre-incubation') was investigated with mouse-cultured Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. In comparison to phosphate-containing bicarbonate-buffered balanced-salts medium, organic-buffered medium, without a(More)
The lipophilic triphenylmethylphosphonium cation (TPMP+) has been employed to measure delta psi m, the electrical potential across the inner membrane of the mitochondria of intact hepatocytes. The present studies have examined the validity of this technique in hepatocytes exposed to graded concentrations of inhibitors of mitochondrial energy transduction.(More)
We have investigated the effects of imposing an ATP demand, generated by the addition of lactate, on hepatocytes isolated from fasted normal and streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. The stimulation of O2 consumption upon lactate addition was much greater in hepatocytes from diabetic rats, as a result of a lactate-induced stimulation of beta-oxidation that(More)