Michael Murray-Hudson

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Wetland hydroperiod consists of different components, including frequency, duration and depth. A significant proportion of the seasonally flood-pulsed Okavango Delta is inundated for part of each year. Variation in hydroperiod, driven by the interaction of climate and ecological factors, results in a mosaic of vegetation communities. These communities are(More)
The frequency of fires in the Okavango Delta seasonal floodplains peaked at an intermediate frequency of flooding. Floodplains are commonly burnt every 3–5 years. This study showed fundamental changes in ecosystem properties due to burning. A burnt seasonal floodplain in the aquatic phase had oxygen levels well above saturation, 100–200%, while the levels(More)
This study examined the distribution of wetland plants used in macrophyte-based index of biotic integrity (IBI) metrics to determine the effectiveness of zone sampling in assessing wetland condition. Using sampling data from a previous study of 74 emergent isolated wetlands, macrophyte taxonomic data and resulting IBI metrics were analyzed for various(More)
Characterising hydroperiod and vegetation for flood-pulsed wetlands is a critical first step towards understanding their ecology. In large, data-poor wetlands such as Botswana’s Okavango Delta, quantifying hydrology and ecology presents great logistic and financial challenges, yet relationships between hydrology and floodplain ecology are essential inputs(More)
16 The focus of this paper is to understand the multi-decadal oscillatory component of 17 variability in the Okavango River system, in southwestern Africa, and its potential 18 evolution through the 21 st century under climate change scenarios. Statistical analyses 19 and hydrological modelling are used to show that the observed multi-decadal wet and 20 dry(More)
Knowledge of wetland vegetation spectral reflectance signatures can assist in spectral classification of remotely sensed images for monitoring of wetland hydroperiod. This study aimed at assessing the differences between wetland vegetation communities of varying species composition and density in terms of spectral reflectance. The investigation was carried(More)
Understanding and predicting vegetation patterns in floodplains are essential for conservation and/or restoration of river floodplains subject to hydrological alterations. We propose a conceptual hydroecological model to explain the disturbance mechanisms driving species diversity across large river floodplains. These ecosystems harbor a unique set of(More)
Atmospheric methane (CH4) is one of the three key greenhouse gases (GHGs) driving global climate change. The atmospheric concentration of CH4 has increased by about 150 % above pre-industrial levels of 400–700 ppb due to anthropogenic activities. Although tropical wetlands account for 50–60 % of the global wetland CH4 emissions, the biogeochemistry of these(More)
African wetlands include dambos or headwater valley grasslands in the upper regions of catchments, circular pan grasslands in drainage sumps, linear riverine grasslands in the mid regions of catchments and broad floodplains, swamps and deltas in the lower regions of catchments. Plant zonation on flood frequency and duration gradients occurs in predictable(More)
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