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BACKGROUND Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) improve the outcome of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST), but treatment failure is frequent, and prognosis then bleak. Smaller trials in this setting suggested activity for sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases and RAF serine/threonine kinases. PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND The imatinib trough plasma concentration (C(min)) correlates with clinical response in cancer patients. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of plasma C(min) is therefore suggested. In practice, however, blood sampling for TDM is often not performed at trough. The corresponding measurement is thus only remotely informative about C(min) exposure. (More)
OBJECTIVES Management of malignant pericardial effusion (PE) is complex. Cardiac surgeons are not necessarily familiar with or are challenged by the many underlying etiologies. Analyzing risk factors for mortality may help to estimate the benefit of surgery in high-risk patients. METHODS Patients undergoing a surgical pericardiotomy for malignant PE,(More)
Several cancer treatments are shifting from traditional, time-limited, nonspecific cytotoxic chemotherapy cycles to continuous oral treatment with specific protein-targeted therapies. In this line, imatinib mesylate, a selective tyrosine kinases inhibitor (TKI), has excellent efficacy in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia. It has opened the way to(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly being used for assessing the treatment succes in oncology, but the real clinical value needs to evaluated by comparison with other, already established, metabolic imaging techniques. PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the clinical potential of diffusion-weighted MRI with(More)
Patients diagnosed with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) who are resistant or intolerant to both imatinib and second-line sunitinib have a poor prognosis and few therapeutic options. We evaluated the efficacy of nilotinib, a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients pretreated with imatinib and sunitinib. Fifty-two consecutive(More)
Cyclophosphamide (CP), a widely used cytostatic, is metabolized by polymorphic drug metabolizing enzymes particularly cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Its side effects and clinical efficacy exhibit a broad interindividual variability, which might be due to differences in pharmacokinetics. CP-kinetics were determined in 60 patients using a global and a(More)
Recent studies have shown an enhanced signaling capacity of receptors coupled to pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) in immortalized B lymphoblasts from patients with essential hypertension. In the present study, we analyzed (1) whether such alterations would also be expressed in nontransformed cells of these(More)
10564 Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors usually caused by mutations in the KIT or PDGFRA gene. Advanced disease generally cannot be cured by surgery nor by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), but TKIs have considerably improved outcome for patients (pts) with advanced GIST. Patients failing TKI treatment with(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most frequent malignant tumors worldwide and its incidence has increased over the last years in most developed countries. The majority of HCCs occur in the context of liver cirrhosis. Therefore, patients with cirrhosis and those with hepatitis B virus infection should enter a surveillance program. Detection of a(More)