Michael Middleton

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Achievement goal theory has emerged as a major new direction in motivational research. A distinction is made among conceptually different achievement goal orientations including the goal to develop ability (task goal orientation), the goal to demonstrate ability (ability-approach goal orientation), and the goal to avoid the demonstration of lack of ability(More)
Quantification of fat has been investigated using images acquired from multiple gradient echoes. The evolution of the signal with echo time and flip angle was measured in phantoms of known fat and water composition and in 21 research subjects with fatty liver. Data were compared to different models of the signal equation, in which each model makes different(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The appropriate alanine aminotransferase (ALT) threshold value to use for diagnosis of chronic liver disease in children is unknown. We sought to develop gender-specific, biology-based, pediatric ALT thresholds. METHODS The Screening ALT for Elevation in Today's Youth (SAFETY) study collected observational data from acute care children's(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in the United States. The etiology is believed to be multifactorial with a substantial genetic component; however, the heritability of NAFLD is undetermined. Therefore, a familial aggregation study was performed to test the hypothesis that NAFLD is highly(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-estimated proton density fat fraction (PDFF) for assessing hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by using centrally scored histopathologic validation as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospectively designed, cross-sectional,(More)
A theoretical triglyceride model was developed for in vivo human liver fat (1) H MRS characterization, using the number of double bonds (-CH=CH-), number of methylene-interrupted double bonds (-CH=CH-CH(2)-CH=CH-) and average fatty acid chain length. Five 3 T, single-voxel, stimulated echo acquisition mode spectra (STEAM) were acquired consecutively at(More)
Three patients with intracranial metastases were studied with magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 T before and after intravenous administration of 0.1 mmol/kg gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA). Axial pre- and postcontrast images demonstrated a total of six and 38 metastases, respectively. Of the 35 lesions detected only after(More)
PURPOSE To compare the accuracy of several magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-based methods for hepatic proton-density fat fraction (FF) estimation at 3.0 T, with spectroscopy as the reference technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant. Informed consent was obtained. One hundred(More)
OBJECTIVE Silicone gel breast implants have been reported to rupture, but the prevalence of implant rupture in an unreferred population of women is not known. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of implant rupture and the presence of extracapsular silicone gel in an unreferred population of women without regard to the absence or(More)
PURPOSE To compare PRESS and STEAM MR spectroscopy for assessment of liver fat in human subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS Single-voxel (20 x 20 x 20 mm) PRESS and STEAM spectra were obtained at 1.5T in 49 human subjects with known or suspected fatty liver disease. PRESS and STEAM sequences were obtained with fixed TR (1500 msec) and different TE (five PRESS(More)