Michael Metcalf

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First morning urine samples were collected from both menstruant and post-menopausal women and stored at -25 degrees C. Immunoreactive FSH disappeared from these samples (t1/2 = 30 days), ultimately stabilizing at about 20% of the initial value. The loss was more rapid at -20 degrees C and less rapid at -55 degrees C and +4 degrees C. Immunoreactive LH was(More)
Urine for the analysis of pregnanediol was collected weekly for 3 months from 209 menstruant women aged 11-24 years who lived with their parents and from 59 women aged 17-23 years who had left the parental home. Menstrual cycles were classed as ovulatory if the 24-h pregnanediol output in the 12 days preceding menstruation was greater than or equal to 5(More)
The excretion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), oestrogens and pregnanediol was measured in weekly urine samples collected for 14-87 weeks (median, 43 weeks) from thirty-one perimenopausal women aged 36-55 years (median, 50 years). The results were compared with those found in twenty-two postmenopausal women aged 55.4 +/- 5.4(More)
In normal women the menopausal transition starts typically with a sudden break in regular menstrual cyclicity: gonadotrophin levels escape from the cyclical pattern characteristic of fertile women and increasingly rise into the postmenopausal range. An investigation was undertaken to determine whether this rise precedes the first appearance of ovarian(More)
Granulosa cells harvested from non-atretic, antral follicles of cow (and pig and sheep) ovaries were incubated over glass cover slips in medium containing 20% (v/v) donor calf serum. Cell attachment to the cover slips was rapid, being in most cases complete within 3 h at 37 degrees C. There was little further change over the next 20 h. The number of bovine(More)