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YOYO-1 is a fluorescent dye widely used for probing the statistical-mechanical properties of DNA. However, currently contradicting data exist how YOYO-1 binding alters the DNA structure and rigidity. Here, we systematically address this problem using magnetic tweezers. Remarkably, we find that the persistence length of DNA remains constant independent of(More)
We present measurements of the electrical conductivity of metallic nanowires which have been fabricated by chemical deposition of a thin continuous palladium film onto single DNA molecules to install electrical functionality. The DNA molecules have been positioned between macroscopic Au electrodes and are metallized afterwards. Low-resistance electrical(More)
The minerals involved in the formation of metazoan skeletons principally comprise glassy silica, calcium phosphate or carbonate. Because of their ancient heritage, glass sponges (Hexactinellida) may shed light on fundamental questions such as molecular evolution, the unique chemistry and formation of the first skeletal silica-based structures, and the(More)
A magnetite colloid was prepared in alkaline solution according to the procedure published by Massart [11]. An aqueous solution containing 2.3 g (8.5 mmol) FeCl 3 ×6H 2 O in 4 mL H 2 O and 1.69 g (4.3 mmol) Fe(NH 4) 2 (SO 4) 2 in 1 mL of 2 M HCl, was added to 50 mL of 1 M (CH 3) 4 NOH×5H 2 O. The resulting black suspension was stirred for 1 h at room(More)
Strong chemical interaction between bacterial surface protein layers and calcium atoms deposited in situ on top was revealed by means of photoemission spectroscopy. The interaction appears to mainly happen at the oxygen site of the peptide bonds and involves a large charge transfer from Ca 4s states into the peptide backbone. Chemical kinetics of this(More)
Alterations of the cartilage matrix structure under non-destructive laser irradiation have been investigated by scanning force microscopy. Porcine nasal septum cartilage was irradiated with a CO2 laser with a power density of 50 W/cm(2) under two different time regimes: for 3 s and for 30 s. Short-time irradiation had little effect on the structure of the(More)
We report an electrical-field-controlled growth process for the directed bottom-up assembly of one-dimensional palladium nanowires between microfabricated electrodes. The wires, grown from an aqueous palladium salt solution by dielectrophoresis, have a thickness of only 5-10 nm and a length of up to several micrometers. The growth process depends largely on(More)
We have developed a technique to manipulate bifunctional DNA molecules: One end is thiolated to bind to a patterned gold surface and the other end is biotinylated to bind to a microtubule gliding over a kinesin-coated surface. We found that DNA molecules can be stretched and overstretched between the gold pads and the motile microtubules, and that they can(More)