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OBJECTIVE Despite extensive evidence for genetic susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy, the identification of susceptibility genes and their variants has had limited success. To search for genes that contribute to diabetic nephropathy, a genome-wide association scan was implemented on the Genetics of Kidneys in Diabetes collection. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a number of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, using a proteomics approach, we identified enolase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, ATP synthase alpha chain, carbonic anhydrase-II, and voltage-dependent anion channel-protein as the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of neurofibrillary tangles, senile plaques and loss of synapses. There is accumulating evidence that oxidative stress plays an important role in AD pathophysiology. Previous redox proteomics studies from our laboratory on AD inferior parietal lobule led to the identification of oxidatively modified(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal motor neuron degenerative disease characterized by the loss of neuronal function in the motor cortex, brain stem, and spinal cord. Familial ALS cases, accounting for 10-15% of all ALS disease, are caused by a gain-of-function mutation in Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1). Two hypotheses have been proposed to(More)
Experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in a significant loss of cortical tissue at the site of injury, and in the ensuing hours and days a secondary injury exacerbates this primary injury, resulting in significant neurological dysfunction. The mechanism of the secondary injury is not well understood, but evidence implicates a critical role for(More)
Urinary microvesicles, such as 40-100 nm exosomes and 100-1000 nm microparticles, contain many proteins that may serve as biomarkers of renal disease. Microvesicles have been isolated by ultracentrifugation or nanomembrane ultrafiltration from normal urine; however, little is known about the efficiency of these methods in isolating microvesicles from(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common form of sleep-disordered breathing, with almost 15 million Americans affected and many more at risk. Current diagnostic approach to OSA requires polysomnography, which is laborious, onerous, and time-consuming. There is ample evidence that inflammatory responses to the perturbations associated with(More)
Lipid peroxidation products, such as 4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal (HNE), cause endothelial activation, and they increase the adhesion of the endothelium to circulating leukocytes. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. We observed that in HNE-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells, some of the protein-HNE adducts(More)
The ability of microalbuminuria to predict early progressive renal function decline in type 1 diabetic patients has been questioned. To resolve this, we determined the plasma proteome differences between microalbuminuric patients with type 1 diabetes and stable renal function (controls) and patients at risk for early progressive renal function decline(More)
Neutrophil granule exocytosis plays an important role in innate and adaptive immune responses. The present study examined TNF-α stimulation or priming of exocytosis of the 4 neutrophil granule subsets. TNF-α stimulated exocytosis of secretory vesicles and gelatinase granules and primed specific and azurophilic granule exocytosis to fMLF stimulation. Both(More)