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In this paper we propose the concept of an end-to-end (e2e) Self-Protecting Multi-Path (SPM) as a protection switching mechanism that may be implemented, e.g., in Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) networks. In case of local outages, resilient networks redirect the traffic from a failed link over an e2e backup path to its destination. In this case,(More)
— The Locator/Identifier Separation Protocol (LISP) is a new routing architecture for the Internet that separates local and global routing. It offers more flexibility to edge networks and has the potential to reduce the growths of the BGP routing tables. Recently, a concept for mobility in LISP (LISP Mobile Node, LISP-MN) was presented. We analyze LISP-MN(More)
We explain the notion of software-defined networking (SDN), whose southbound interface may be implemented by the OpenFlow protocol. We describe the operation of OpenFlow and summarize the features of specification versions 1.0–1.4. We give an overview of existing SDN-based applications grouped by topic areas. Finally, we point out architectural design(More)
Precongestion notification (PCN) is a packet-marking technique for IP networks to notify egress nodes of a so-called PCN domain whether the traffic rate on some links exceeds certain configurable bounds. This feedback is used by decision points for admission control (AC) to block new flows when the traffic load is already high. PCN-based AC is simpler than(More)
—The locator/identifier split is a design principle for new routing architectures that make Internet routing more scalable. To find the location of a host, it requires a mapping system that returns appropriate locators in response to map-requests for specific identifiers. In this paper, we propose FIRMS, a " Future Internet Routing Mapping System ". It is(More)
The IETF currently discusses fast reroute mechanisms for IP networks (IP FRR). IP FRR accelerates the recovery in case of network element failures and avoids micro-loops during re-convergence. Several mechanisms are proposed. Loop-free alternates (LFAs) are simple but cannot cover all single link and node failures. Not-via addresses can protect against(More)
—In the presence of local network outages, restoration and protection switching mechanisms redirect the traffic over alternative paths to mitigate the effect of failures. However, some failure combinations still lead to loss of ingress-egress connectivity within a network or to severe congestion due to rerouted traffic. Congestion may also be caused by(More)
In this paper we propose the use of multi-topology (MT) routing to achieve fault tolerance against failures of network elements which is also called network resilience. The shortest path routing trees seen from any node is calculated based on the link costs. To provide different routing topologies, an n-dimensional vector of different costs is provided for(More)
This work focuses on capacity overprovisioning (CO) as an alternative to admission control (AC) to implement quality of service (QoS) in packet-switched communication networks. CO prevents potential overload while AC protects the QoS of the traffic during overload situations. Overload may be caused, e. g., by uctuations of the traffic rate on a link due to(More)